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新發展大學英語聽力教程 2(全新修訂版)答案及聽力原文

Unit One Colorful Life on Campus
Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities
Part 1 略 Part 2 a part-time job (an on-campus job); clubs; other organizations
■ Script:
If you are attending college on a tight budget, you will most likely want a part-time job to ease your daily living expenses. Living on campus makes access to an on-campus job much easier as you will be only minutes away from your job. You don’t have to worry about driving to a job and days when there is bad weather. You will make that extra bit of cash while meeting and interacting new people.
Living on campus will give you the ability to take part in many clubs and organizations. This can include organizations that focus on education, cultural diversity, gender issues, recreational activities, spiritual activities, political clubs, sports activities, and much more. As well, the convenience of living on campus makes it more likely that you will participate in clubs and other organizations. Most colleges also have various college sports teams that one can try out for. Campus life is a unique experience that one should take full advantage of before they actually get out in the work world where they will have their whole lives to be fully independent.
Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports
News Item One 1. C 2. D News Item Two 1. B 2. D News Item Three 1. B 2. B 3. C
■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
An estimated 80 percent of American adults think music lessons improve children’s ability to learn or their performance in school. They say that the satisfaction for learning to play a new song helps a child express creativity.
Researchers at Harvard University, however, have found that there’s one thing musical training does not do. They say it does not make children more intelligent.
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Samuel Mehr is a graduate student at Harvard’s School of Education. He said it is wrong to think that learning to play a musical instrument improves a child’s intellectual development.
He says the evidence comes from studies that measured the mental ability of two groups of 4-year-olds and their parents. One group attended music class, and the other went to a class that places importance on the visual arts—arts that can be seen. The result is that they found no evidence for any advantage on any of these tests for the kids participating in these music classes. Questions: 1. What have the researchers at Harvard University found? 2. Who participated in the studies conducted by Samuel Mehr?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
American colleges face what some people are calling a “perfect storm” of problems: college costs are rising, and there are not enough jobs for all those completing study programs. Yet employers say they cannot find enough workers with technical skills.
One solution may be found in the growing number and quality of online classes, such classes might revolutionize colleges the way the Internet has already changed music, publishing, sales, and other businesses.
“This is pretty amazing.” That is David Evans of the University of Virginia. He is teaching a Computer Science class on the Internet.
Many top universities now offer online classes; they teach everything from computer programming to the science of cooking. Many classes are at little or no cost, they are restructured more often than traditional college programs. Questions: 1. Which of the following is not mentioned as the problems American colleges face? 2. What do we learn about online classes from the news report?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
Nigeria has one of the world’s highest rates of people who cannot read or write, but a government agency is taking steps to help more than 400,000 Nigerians in Kano state become literate.
Minister of State for Education, Nyesom Wike reported on the situation last September. The minister said the number of illiterate Nigerian adults has increased by 10 million over the past 20 years, the current total is 35 million; the nation also has more than 10 million children who are not in school.
To improve that situation, Kano’s educational agency has joined with Education for All (EFA), a project of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Working together, they have launched more than 8,074 adult literacy classes in 44 local government councils. The effort is expected to reach about 403,700 people. Success would mean a 90 percent adult literacy level by 2015. Questions: 1. What is the news report mainly about? 2. How many illiterate adults were there in Nigeria 20 years ago?
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3.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the news?
Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. B 2. A 3. A 4. D 5. B
Conversation Two 1. B 2. C 3. D 4. A
■ Script
Conversation One M: You should have seen the line at the housing office. It took me an hour to make my dormitory
deposit for next year. Have you made yours yet? W: No, I’m not sure I’m going to. M: There’s not much time left. The deadline’s May 1st. That is just two weeks from now. Are you
short of cash? W: No, I’m Okay. M: You’d better hurry up if you want a dorm room next September. There aren’t enough rooms for
every one, and first year students have priority. W: Well, I’ve been thinking about living off campus. M: Have you got any idea of how much that would cost? There is the rent, utilities, and you’d
probably need a car. W: I know it would be more expensive. I think I can handle it though. The dorm is just so noisy
that I can’t get anything done. Maybe my grades would be better if I had some peace and quiet in a place of my own. M: You should study in the library the way I do. Think of the money you’d save. W: I’ve got to think it over some more. There’s still two weeks left in April. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. What are the two speakers discussing about? 2. Where do the two speakers live now? 3. Why does the woman want to live off campus? 4. Where does the man usually study? 5. According to the woman, how much time does she still have to decide where to live?
Conversation Two W: Guess what came in the mail today? M: What? W: My acceptance letter to Yale! M: Wow! Congratulations! When do classes start? W: Freshman orientation is the last week of August, but I want to go two weeks before that to
get settled in. M: You’re so lucky! Do you have to do many things before you leave?
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W: Yes. I’ll be very busy! I have to get a visa, buy a plane ticket, and pack my things. But first, I want to register for classes.
M: When can you do that? W: Well, they sent me their prospectus, so I can start looking now. Do you want to help me
decide which classes to take? M: Sure. What can you choose from? W: Well, I have to take all the foundation courses, plus a few from my major. M: What is your major? W: I hope to major in English literature, but the admissions counselor told me that many people
change their major many times in their first year, so we will see. M: What are the fundamental courses? W: In order to graduate, every student must take a certain amount of classes in history, math,
English, philosophy, science and art. M: Interesting. That’s very different from the Chinese education system. W: Yes, it is. It is also very different from the British education system. M: Really? W: Oh, sure. In Britain, students don’t have to take the foundation courses. M: Why not? W: Maybe because they think they know everything already! Ha! Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. When will the woman go to Yale to get settled in? 2. What does the woman plan to do before she leaves? 3. Which of the following courses is not included in the foundation courses? 4. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the conversation?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One
Listening for general comprehension 1. A 2. C Listening for specific information 1. A 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. D
■ Script
Listening for general comprehension Your student ID can be a very powerful tool when it comes to retail shopping. Think about all
of the things you have bought in college. Was one of them a computer? Have you gone to see a movie lately? All of these things, and many more, become more affordable by simply presenting your student ID when you get to the register.
Apple is a company bursting into the lives of college students everywhere through its numerous electronic devices. When you go to buy a computer and some other items as well, Apple will take money off the bill if you just tell them that you are a college student. They even make it so that you can shop with your student discount right on their website; all you have to do is find
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your school in their database. You can also try your local movie theater to see if they offer a student discount. Often, the
bigger chain cinemas will have a program to save you a couple dollars when you go see a movie. Museums will typically cut you a break as well. You can often find reduced admission to museums, and you can also check to see if your school has a membership with them, as this can allow you to even get in for free.
Being a college student doesn’t have to mean that you can’t afford to buy or do nice things. It simply means that you need to shop smart. Always ask if there is a student rate available, the worst that can happen is they say no. Listening for specific information Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard. 1. What can be a powerful tool when it comes to retail shopping? 2. How can one enjoy the student discount when shopping on the Apple website? 3. According to the passage, on what kind of condition is a student admitted to museums free? 4. Which of the following places probably won’t offer a student discount according to the
passage? 5. According to the passage, what does being a college student mean?
Passage Two
Listening for general information 1. a small city 2. activities and services provided by universities Listening for specific information 1. D 2. B 3. A 4. A 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general comprehension The campus of a large American university resembles a small city. With stores, restaurants,
and banks, most can meet your most immediate needs. Many campuses also offer numerous forms of entertainment, including sporting events, live theater, movies, and concerts. Typically, the larger the institution, the more activities it supports.
Universities also have a wide variety of support services available to their students, and to international students in particular. Some provide assistance in finding housing and childcare facilities or in improving your spoken or written English. They may have on-campus healthcare facilities and provide information on current health issues and health insurance. You may also be able to get advice on tax issues and personal or career counseling.
Figuring out where to go for specific needs can be confusing, especially at larger institutions—but it’s worth it to pursue the information you need. Knowing who to go to for information is a great place to start if you’re a bit lost. Departmental secretaries are often a fount of information, as are international student advisers, graduate student government officers, and graduate school staff.
Most universities have an office for international students to provide orientation and information about vital services, such as healthcare and health insurance. However, sometimes the best source of information in graduate school is other students. Talking with other students may
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help you realize that your struggles are also faced by many other graduate students. Your peers may have already dealt with and found solutions to the adjustment concerns typical of graduate student life. Listening for specific information Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard. 1. What kind of entertainment do many campuses offer? 2. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as services offered by universities? 3. According to the passage, how does one feel when figuring out where to go for specific needs? 4. Where can students obtain the best source of information in graduate school? 5. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
Passage Three
Listening for general comprehension 1. C 2. A Listening for specific information 1. D 2. D 3. D 4. A 5. C
■ Script
Listening for general comprehension In recent years, a degree from an elite university has become more important for getting a
good job, and as a result competition for entering these universities has become more intense in America.
America’s college admission process is very different from China’s examination system. Rather than relying only on test scores to determine college admission, most American colleges consider several factors in making the decision. In addition to test scores, these factors include grades from high school, high school activities, letters of recommendation from teachers and an interview. Students are also often asked to write essays that describe themselves, their experiences and their goals for the future. American colleges feel that this system gives them an overall picture of the applicant’s character. This system can be complicated and it is the source of much worry among American high school students and their parents.
Another factor worrying students and their parents is the rising cost of sending their children to college. The cost of college education has risen higher than that of inflation for over twenty years. In addition, the government aid for college tuition has decreased severely in recent years. The elite private universities are the most expensive, and many families are worried that they will not be able to afford an education that will help their children get a good job in the future. Such universities often seek private donations so that they can give scholarships to students who are qualified but cannot afford the high tuition rates. The number of private scholarship available has increased in recent years, but paying for college is likely to remain one of the financial burdens that American families must bear. Listening for specific information 1. According to the passage, what has become more important for getting a good job? 2. Which of the following is NOT the factor that determines college admission in American
colleges?
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3. What should be included in the essays that students are asked to write? 4. What happened to the government aid for college tuition in recent years? 5. Why do some universities seek private donations sometimes?

Ⅴ. Radio Program
1. getting a job 4. has no connection to 7. in return 10. without permission
■ Script


2. are permitted to work 5. out of their control 8. office hours

3. attending classes 6. graduate school 9. an English speaking test

Ⅵ. Song
1. matters 2. shattered 3. confused 4. worthwhile 5. rush
■ Script


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Unit Two Advice on Making Friends
Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities
Part 1 略 Part 2: how much you appreciate their friendship; a small present; a special day together
■ Script
How to celebrate Friendship Day and show your friends that they are truly special to you? Here are some suggestions you could use.
Write a nice card for your friend telling them how much you appreciate their friendship. Spill out your heart to them as though there is no tomorrow. Or you could send them a Happy Friendship Day greeting online to brighten their day.
Also, you may buy or make them a small present—flowers, chocolates, friendship bands, a cake, a dream catcher, friendship journal or anything that catches your imagination! Consider leaving the gift anonymously for added intrigue! One of the greatest gifts you can make your friend is a mixed CD of all the songs that define your friendship or ones that you just happen to mutually like!
For your best friends, plan a special day together. A picnic is always a fun idea, and great for all ages. If you’re physically-inclined, try an activity such as bowling, golf, rollerblading, cricket or going to the beach. Remember, there’s no just one way to celebrate this great relationship, anything that demonstrates your love for them will do perfectly.
Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports
News Item One 1. D 2. D News ItemTwo 1. A 2. D News Item Three 1. A 2. B 3. C
■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
President Barack Obama will visit Cuba on March 21 and 22, the White House announced Thursday. It will be the first time in nearly 90 years that a U.S. president visits Havana, the capital of the island nation.
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Diplomatic relations between Cuba and the United States have improved in the past 14 months. The countries have re-opened embassies, and commercial airlines will fly between the two countries soon. Plus, the U.S. removed Cuba from its list of state sponsors of terrorism.
Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro have talked via telephone and have met in person twice. Obama will meet with Castro during the March visit. He will also meet with Cuban activists who work for social causes.
While normalizing relations, Obama said his administration promises to monitor Cuba’s communist government on human rights issues. First Lady Michelle Obama will accompany the president on the Latin American trip. The Obamas will travel to Argentina after Cuba. Questions: 1. Which of the following is not a sign of improvement in the diplomatic relations between the
U.S. and Cuba? 2. What did the Obama administration promise to do according to the news?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
Scientists have found strong evidence of salt water on the planet Mars, the U.S. space agency NASA announced Monday.
NASA has found lines of “hydrated” salt minerals on Mars. Scientists say these minerals would require liquid water to be created. And where there’s liquid water, they say, there could be life.
Jim Green is the director of planetary science at NASA Headquarters. He said during a news conference that “today, we are revolutionizing our understanding of this planet.”
Doug McCuistion is the former head of NASA’s Mars program. He told the Boston Herald that “if they are announcing that they have found easily accessible, freely flowing liquid water under the surface... that has massive implications both for the potential for life on that planet and sustainability of humans.”
NASA has found evidence of water on Mars in the past. In March, NASA said there was once more water on Mars than in Earth’s Arctic Ocean. They say more than four billion years ago; Mars was covered with water 137 meters deep. But nearly all of it has since evaporated into space. Questions: 1. Why do scientists say they have found strong evidence of salt water on Mars? 2. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the news?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
Authorities say everyone has been evacuated from a luxury hotel in Dubai that was still burning early Friday.
The city’s police chief says all residents were out of the 63-story hotel, known as “The Address”.
The hotel had been packed with people celebrating New Year’s Eve when fire broke out at about 9:30 p.m., (about 1730 UTC). At least 14 people were injured.
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The hotel stands across from the world’s tallest skyscraper, the Burj Khalifa. The Burj Khalifa is more than 800 meters tall. It is the center of spectacular fireworks along the Dubai waterfront for New Year’s. Fireworks went on as planned.
Flames quickly moved through more than 20 stories of the hotel. It could be seen for kilometers in all directions.
Within 30 minutes, flames raced to the top of the hotel tower, and the sky was full of thick black smoke. Burning pieces of the hotel fell to the ground from the tower.
Witnesses said tens of thousands of people were crowded into the downtown area near the blazing hotel and the Burj Khalifa.
Authorities in the United Arab Emirates said earlier Thursday that thousands of security personnel were on duty because of the New Year’s events. Questions: 1. How many people were injured in the fire? 2. What were people doing when the fire broke out? 3. According to the authorities, why were thousands of security personnel on duty?
Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. D 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. B Conversation One 1. C 2. C 3. D 4. B
■ Script
Conversation One W: Jack, I’m glad I ran into you. I’ve been trying to call you but you’re never home. Where have
you been hiding lately? M: Actually I’ve been very busy recently. I’m getting ready to go to the States for Christmas and I
have a million things to do. W: Since you are leaving, we should get together and have a party before you go. I can call some
people… maybe Friday night, okay? M: Actually, I’m trying to avoid that sort of thing. I would like to see everyone before I go, but I
really don’t think I have time. W: By the way, what do you plan to do when you go back? M: Well, by the time I leave Hong Kong I’ll be broke, so I’ll probably have to look for some work
when I get home. I’ll also be hanging out with old friends. I may take a trip to New York. W: Do you think you’ll come back to Guangzhou? M: I plan to come back in February, unless someone offers me a great job. That is unlikely to
happen, so I’ll probably be back. W: OK, I’m getting off this shop. Why don’t you give me a buzz on Thursday and we’ll have
dinner before you go? M: Excellent. I’ll definitely do that. See you later.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
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1. Where has the man been recently? 2. What is the man busy with? 3. What does the man plan to do when he goes back? 4. When will the man plan to come back to Guangzhou? 5. Where does the woman probably make the phone call? Conversation Two W: Nice to meet you. M: Good to meet you, too. What’s your major? W: Oh, I’m supposed to be in pre-med, but I’ve been taking a lot of electives. I might change it.
What’s yours? M: I’m just an aggie. We’ve got a ranch out west of Houston, and I’m thinking I might become a
vet. You’re pre-med? Then you’ve taken Chemistry One Twenty-one? It’s a required course for me, and I’m not good in chemistry at all. Maybe I could borrow your notes? W: Hah! “Bonehead Chemistry”—no, sorry. I still have to take that, too. Hey, maybe we could sign up for the same sections. M: Yeah, that’s a good idea! W: When do you register? M: Oh. Let me see. Wait a sec. Uh...ah, here it is: ten a.m. Monday. W: Great! I register at nine. The Bonehead lectures are Tuesdays and Thursdays, and the labs are Monday-Wednesday-Friday afternoons. I can register first and then let you know which sections I’ve got before you register at ten. What times are good for you? M: Oh gosh. Maybe, early lectures and a Friday lab? I think better in the morning, and that’s going to be a tough course. W: I know. That’s why I’m thinking about switching majors—the science prerequisites are really awful. But I’ll give it one more semester before I pack it in. You sure you want a Friday lab? It’ll cut your weekend short. M: Yeah, but I’m gonna have a full load this semester, so I gotta take something Friday anyway. Might as well be something I can cut. W: OK then. So, should I meet you back here Monday about nine-thirty? I can give you my schedule then. M: Uh, how about in the cafeteria? I’d like to get some coffee before I start—I’ll need the energy. And it’s handier anyway. W: Sure, that’s fine—let’s do that, then. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. Why does the man take Chemistry One Twenty-one? 2. When will the woman register according to the conversation? 3. What time does the man prefer to go to the labs? 4. Where will the woman meet the man to give him her schedule?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One
Listening for general information
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1. how to end/dissolve a friendship (or how to dump a friend) 2. Three. Listening for specific comprehension 1. A 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. C
■ Script
Listening for general information There are as many reasons for ending a friendship as there are for starting one. Think about
how you feel when you are around this person. Do they put you down? Do they annoy you? Assess clearly why you no longer want this person in your life and be firm in your decision.
If you are dumping a friend because they are unreliable, the easiest solution is to gradually cut them out of your life. If he or she never makes time for you then they probably won’t notice that you are not making time for them either. People who don’t value your time do not value you; leave them out of your life. If you have decided that you want to dump a friend because you don’t want to share their lifestyle, then you need to make yourself very clear. You need to set clear boundaries. And if the person has committed some unforgivable mistakes, you also need to speak up. You need to clearly explain that whatever they did was unacceptable and you cannot pretend that it did not happen. You need to tell them that this was not OK and the friendships can no longer move on.
It might be tempting to give someone the silent treatment, but remember that everything that seems self-evident to you is not always equally obvious to others. The other person might not even know that they hurt your feelings! If someone’s behavior is really bothering you and they are more
than a casual acquaintance, you should carefully but surely speak up.
Listening for specific comprehension 1. What is the easiest solution when you want to dump a friend who is unreliable? 2. What does the speaker think of people who don’t value other people’s time? 3. What need you do if you are dumping a friend whose lifestyle you don’t want to share? 4. What does the speaker suggest you do if your friend’s behavior is really bothering you? 5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
Passage Two
Listening for general information 1. A 2. D Listening for specific comprehension 1. A 2. D 3. B 4. D 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information Many students want to find friends on the Internet as a way of practicing their language skills
and learning more about new cultures. Traditional pen pals were the primary source for such contacts, and students could write each other letters. With the Internet, finding friends has become much easier, and such relationship is called key pals.
However, care and consideration should be given when finding friends on the Internet. Below
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are several tips you could use when looking for friends online. First, search the Internet for reputable services. Look for reviews of such sites to learn more about other students’ experiences. Don’t join a service until you have done your research. Second, check to see if you can use a nickname, rather than your real name, to protect your identity. Third, never give personal information to anyone, including your home address, phone number, and birthday. Fourth, stop contacting with others if you feel uncomfortable with the topics of the conversation. Again, if you protect your identity, this will be easier to do. Tell your teachers, parents, or even local law enforcement if problems arise. Last but not least, try to use the language you are studying in the classroom in your communications with others. Ask appropriate questions that will also help you learn about other cultures. Listening for specific comprehension 1. According to the speaker, why do many students want to find friends on the Internet? 2. According to the speaker, how can students find reputable services? 3. What does the speaker advice students to do in order to protect their identity? 4. Who can students turn to if they are in trouble? 5. According to the speaker, which of the following statements is TRUE?
Passage Three
Listening for general comprehension 1. A 2. D Listening for specific comprehension 1. D 2. C 3. D 4. C 5. A
■ Script
Listening for general comprehension Sometimes we have a fight with a friend. You just seem to argue, and then stop talking to
each other. Time goes by and you realize that you miss the friendship, and wish you could talk to your friend again. If so, the following tips may be helpful.
Tip one: It’s always better to let the argument simmer a little before confronting the person. If you talk right after the fight, many things are said out of anger.
Tip two: Allowing bad feelings to brew for too long creates a situation that becomes more difficult to make up. So after the fight calms down, make sure you talk to the person before it’s too late.
Tip three: It’s okay to be the first to give in and apologize. The other person probably wants to do it too, but it shows your courage and that you are a dedicated friend. Yet, if you’re constantly in fights and always making up first, then take time to reconsider if this person is really a friend.
Tip four: If the friends are unforgiving then try to look back and see what you could have done. Read past emails, chats and something like that. This will help you understand their point of view. Listening for specific comprehension 1. What should one do right after the fight with a friend according to the speaker? 2. What will be the result of waiting too long after the fight with a friend?
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3. Which of the following is true when it comes to apologizing to a friend? 4. What is suggested if one is constantly in fights and always making up first? 5. If a friend is unforgiving, what should one do?

Ⅴ. Radio Program

1. similar needs 2. reduce disease 5. being harvested 6. easily affected 9. get the job done faster

3. in their roots 4. harm each other’s development 7. sensitive to the gas 8. too firm to eat 10. out of direct sunlight

■ Script



Ⅵ. TV Series Learn English Through TV Series

1. pulling 6. obviously
■ Script

2. cheer 7. responsibility

3. keyhole 8. yell

4. emergency 9. stuck



5. swear 10. choice

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Unit Three Colorful and Healthy Lifestyle
Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities
Part 1 略 Part 2 1; 6; 13; 14; 17; 18
■ Script
There are many dance clubs in urban areas throughout the United States. Most dance clubs have darkened dance floors and loud music. Music played there may vary between hip hop, salsa, pop, or rock. Some dance clubs may have multiple floors and different types of music may be played in different areas.
Most dance clubs have a cover charge or entrance fee. There may be a VIP entrance available in order to avoid the long lines. Some dance clubs may stamp your hand with invisible (visible with infrared light) ink for reentry.
The atmosphere of some clubs may be more suitable for teenage and college crowds, while others may be more suitable for adults. Some clubs also offer dinner and some form of entertainment.
Most dance clubs have a dress code, i.e., you must wear shoes, a shirt (no T-shirts), and pants (no jeans) to be allowed inside.
Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports
News Item 1 1. D 2. A News Item 2 1. C 2. B News Item 3 1. D 2. A 3. C
■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
Earlier this summer, a young woman in Baltimore, died as a result of taking part in a medical study. The study was designed to learn how people with healthy lungs and people who have the breathing problem, react to particles or substances. The medical researchers at Johns Hopkins University had a number of healthy people breathe into their lungs a drug called hexamethonium. Twenty-four-year-old Ellen Roche was one of the nine people who agreed to take part in the study. She died on June second as a result of the drug. In July, the federal government criticized the
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university’s system that is supposed to protect people involved in such studies. An investigation found that the researchers failed to consider information about the possible harmful effects of the drug on the lungs. The people who took part in the study were never told that the drug is not approved for human use, and they were not warned about possible dangers. Questions: 1. What is the news mainly about? 2. Why did the government criticize the university’s system?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
It’s not unusual in the United States for a new mother to quit her job after giving birth to a child. Sam is only 9 months old, and his mother, Lora, dreaded the thought of going back to work. “I got only six weeks with him, and it is just not enough time. We needed someone to take care of him, but the cost of day care in D.C. is high. I would not be bringing home enough money to cover day-care bills,” she said.
While the U.S. is nowhere close to a federal law that mandates paid maternity leave, some states like New York, New Jersey, California and Rhode Island are addressing the issue.
“If you live in those four states, you would be covered and eligible to have paid leave, but if you live in the rest of the USA, it really just depends on whether or not your employer voluntarily offers those benefits, since we do not have any national programs to provide wage replacement,” said Sarah Jane Glynn from the Center for American Progress. Questions: 1. Why did Lora dread the thought of going back to work? 2. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the news?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
The government in China plans to end its one-child per family policy and instead let families have two children. The plan was announced Thursday after high-level political meetings in Beijing. The official of Xinhua News Agency says the country’s top legislature must approve the proposal before it becomes law. A Chinese Communist Party statement gave a number of reasons for the change in policy. The statement said the change is meant to balance population development. It said the move also attempts to stop a declining birth rate and strengthen the country’s work force. China—the world’s most populous country—launched the one-child policy in 1980. But the government permitted only a small number of couples to have two children. For example, some rural families were given approval to have two children.
In 2013, the Chinese government gave couples a chance to have two children. Families could have two if one parent was an only child. At the end of 2014, China had a population of 1.37 billion people. A total of 800 million of them are employed. But that job market population is expected to drop by 2050. With the two-child policy, an increase in births will ease the labor shortage, starting in 20 years. Questions: 1. What is the news mainly about? 2. Which of the following is not the reason for the two-child per family policy?
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3. What do we learn about the job market in China from the news report?
Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. B 5. C
Conversation Two 1. D 2. C 3. A 4. B
■ Script
Conversation One M: Connie, do you have any plans to get married? W: You know, Bill. I’m so busy with my job at the law firm that I never have much time left for a
social life. M: Well, we aren’t getting any younger. You have to make time for things like that. W: But, for the time being, I’m focusing on my work. My career is really starting to blossom. I’m
sure I’ll meet someone when the time is right. M: You know, it’s harder to have kids after a certain age. Also, most men are married by the time
they’re in their thirties. W: I’m not sure I want to get married. M: You’re not one of those feminists, are you? The kind that says “women belong in the office
and not the kitchen”? W: I wouldn’t put it like that. But, I am a feminist in that I believe a woman has a right to choose
what to do with her life. M: Sure, but everyone should get married sooner or later, don’t you think? W: Not necessarily. It isn’t for everyone. M: It’s the normal thing to choose. W: Speaking of choices, I’d like to change the subject.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. Does the woman want to get married? Why? 2. How is the woman’s work going? 3. Which of the following statements will the man most probably object to? 4. What is the woman’s attitude towards the idea “women belong in the office and not the
kitchen”? 5. What does the woman think of Bill’s advice?
Conversation Two M: Now, Shona, you said that you jog. W: Yeah, I do. M: I’m a jogger too. W: Oh, are you? Fantastic. How often do you do it? M: Well, I actually try to go every day.
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W: OK. How long for? M: Between thirty minutes and an hour, depending on the day. And you? W: It depends on the day as well. Today it was only like half an hour, but I try to get out for an
hour, maybe like four or five times a week. I used to be a lot fitter and I just realized today that I’m not as healthy as I used to be, so I’m probably gonna pump it up a little bit and do a little bit more. M: So you said you’re not fit. What happened? Did you stop running? W: Yeah, I guess I’ve not been doing as much as I used to recently because I used to do more than just jogging. I went to the gym as well. I did yoga. But when you just stick to one exercise alone, it tends to make your fitness drop a little bit. M: Right. W: So I need to vary it a little more. M: Well, actually, where do you run? Do you run on the river? W: Yeah, I run down the river. Just along it, to the right-handed side. Just as far as, like fifteen or twenty minutes, and then back. M: Actually, there’s a really nice park near here that has a really nice running trail. W: Oh, really. M: I highly recommend it. Yeah. But you’re gonna take the train, and it’s four stops. You have to pay a little money, but it’s worth it. W: Wow. Cool. You’ll have to tell me where it is. M: Sure. I can draw you a map. W: OK, cool. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. How long does the man usually jog? 2. How often does the woman jog? 3. Where does the woman usually run? 4. How will the woman get to the park that the man recommends?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One
Listening for general information 1. you love to hate 2. our attitude is everything Listening for specific information 1. C 2. B 3. C 4. C 5. D
■ Script
Listening for general information Michael is the kind of guy you love to hate. He is always in a good mood and always has
something positive to say. Seeing this style really made me curious, so one day I went up to ask him, “I don’t get it. You can’t be positive all the time. How do you do it?”
Michael replied: “Each morning I wake up and say to myself ‘Mike, you have two choices today. You can choose to be in a good mood or you can choose to be in a bad mood.’ I choose to be in a good mood. Each time something bad happens, I can choose to be a victim or choose to
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learn from it. I choose to learn from it. Every time someone comes to me complaining, I can choose to accept their complaining or I can point out the positive side of life. I choose the positive side of life.”
“Yeah, right. It isn’t that easy. ” I protested. “Yes, it is,” Michael said. “Life is all about choices. When you cut away all the junk, every situation is a choice. You choose how you react to situations. You choose how people will affect your mood. You choose to be in a good mood or bad mood. The bottom line is: It’s your choice how you live life.” I reflected on what Michael said. Finally, I 1earned from him that every day we have a choice to live fully and our attitude is everything. Listening for specific information 1. Which of the following descriptions about Michael is NOT true? 2. What is the speaker’s attitude towards Michael’s behavior? 3. When something bad happens, what will Michael do? 4. When someone complains to him, what will Michael do? 5. What is the bottom line of life?

Passage Two

Listening for general information 1. The passage is about how to eat smart. Listening for specific information 1. D 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. A
■ Script

2. Four.

Listening for general information Healthy eating begins with learning how to “eat smart”. It’s not just what you eat, but how
you eat. Paying attention to what you eat and choosing foods that are both nourishing and enjoyable helps support an overall healthy diet.
Take time to chew your food: Chew your food slowly. We tend to rush through our meals, forgetting to actually taste the flavors and feel the textures of what is in our mouths.
Avoid stress while eating: Avoid eating while working, driving, arguing, or watching TV. Try taking some deep breaths prior to beginning your meal, or light candles and play soothing music to create a relaxing atmosphere.
Listen to your body: Ask yourself if you are really hungry, and stop eating when you feel full. Eating just enough to satisfy your hunger will help you remain alert, relaxed and feeling your best.
Eat early, eat often: Starting your day with a healthy breakfast can jump-start your metabolism. Also, eating small, healthy meals throughout the day, rather than the standard three large meals, can help keep your metabolism going and ward off snack attacks. Listening for specific information 1. How can people eat smart according to the speaker? 2. Which of the following eating habits is correct according to the passage? 3. Why should one stop eating when one feels full? 4. What is the advantage of eating breakfast? 5. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

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Passage Three
Listening for general information 1. Most Americans do not do everything they can to lead a healthy lifestyle.
2. No, not very popular.
Listening for specific information 1. D 2. D 3. B 4. A 5. A
■ Script
Listening for general information A study performed in 2005 by an epidemiologist at Michigan State University found that
most Americans do not do everything they can to lead a healthy lifestyle. The study that was published in journal Archives of Internal Medicine looked at four basic characteristics that are part of a healthy lifestyle:
First, being a non-smoker. Second, exercising 30 minutes or more five days per week. Third, eating five or more servings of fruits and vegetables every day. Fourth, maintaining a healthy weight with a BMI under 25. The researcher was quite surprised with his findings: of 153,000 adults, only three percent followed all four steps for a healthy lifestyle. “I was really quite surprised at how low that number was,” said Mathew Reeves, an assistant professor of epidemiology at Michigan State University. “These results illustrate the extraordinary low prevalence of healthy lifestyles in the United States adult population.” This is really a bad news, because an unhealthy lifestyle means more illnesses and more expense to treat those illnesses. This means a bigger burden on an already challenged healthcare system. Poor health also means more time lost at work, less quality recreational time, and even shorter lifespan. The good news is that all of these lifestyle changes are reversible and not at a great cost. Remember that changing your unhealthy lifestyle to a healthy one will lower your risk for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, and other diseases. Listening for specific information 1. Which of the following is not the characteristic of a healthy lifestyle? 2. How does the researcher feel about the findings of the study? 3. How many adults in America followed all four steps for a healthy lifestyle? 4. According to the passage, what does leading an unhealthy lifestyle mean? 5. What is the good news suggested by the research?

V. Radio Program

1. came from a survey

2. mental or emotional stress

3. dropped sharply

4. the youngest adults

5. report feeling negative emotions

6. grow more thankful

7. be linked to

8. brain chemistry

9. being unemployed or being single

10. well-being related to age

■ Script

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Ⅵ. Song
1. apologize 2. exactly 3. left 4. shield 5. alive.
■ Script

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Unit Four Our Life and the Internet
Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities
Part 1 略 Part 2 1. C 2. E 3. D 4. A 5. F
■ Script
Child development expert Sue Palmer said that the figures showed we are “cooping children up inside” more than ever. According to the study, 23 percent of children between two and five could make a call on a mobile phone and a quarter can navigate between websites with ease. One in five knew their way around smartphones or even an iPad. Two thirds knew how to turn a computer on and 73 percent said they could work a mouse. When it came to real-life matters, however, the picture was very different. Just 48 percent knew their own home address and only a third were able to write their first and last names.
“By encouraging them to live a virtual screen-based existence, we are deadening their developmental drive and dumbing them down.” she said, “They get used to the quick fix and the easy rewards of communicating with technology and don’t learn how to invest the emotional effort that is necessary for real relationships. What they need is real play with real people in order to develop properly.”
Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports
News Item 1 1. B 2. D News Item 2 1. D 2. C News Item 3 1. C 2. D 3. B
■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
The flow of migrants and refugees to Western Europe has continued throughout the weekend. Austria says it’s expecting 20,000 arrivals, most of them through Hungary and Croatia, but some of those from Slovenia. The EU leaders remain divided who should bear the burden, as Jonny Dymond now reports. “The journey of many migrants to Europe is still hard and dangerous, but some of the chaos of last week appears to have faded as southeastern Europe allows migrants to move rapidly to the north and west, to Germany and Sweden, the favorite destination of many.
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Late on Sunday, Poland Prime Minister announced that the country would accept only a symbolic number of migrants. That kind of talk irritates Germany, the richest and biggest European nation which has accepted many, but clearly feels that some burden sharing is appropriate.” Questions: 1. How many migrants and refugees will arrive in Austria? 2. Which countries are the favorite destination of those migrants and refugees?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
One of the world’s biggest banks, HSBC, has announced the first details of a major cost-cutting exercise. It’s to sell its businesses in Brazil and Turkey, reduce its asset base and shrink its investment bank. Kamal Ahmed reports.
“Europe’s largest bank has announced that it wants to be significantly smaller. HSBC has revealed that its UK operations will be hit hard as it battles to find over 3.2 billion pounds of cost-savings. Stuart Gulliver, the bank’s chief executive, said that it was time to recognize the world had changed, and the growth in Asia had to be the new focus. The bank is selling businesses in Turkey and Brazil, and will look to reduce the value of its risky assets by 290 billion pounds. HSBC also said that it will make a decision on whether it will retain its headquarters in London by the end of the year.” Questions: 1. Which of the following is not a cost-cutting exercise of HSBC? 2. What will be the new focus for HSBC?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
Korean language studies are quickly growing in popularity across the United States. The Modern Language Association says the number of U.S. college students taking a Korean language class rose by almost 45% over the last few years. The group notes that the increase comes at a time when the number of college students taking foreign language classes has declined.
Many people around the world like the sound of K-pop, Korean popular music. Also, the children of Korean immigrants want to speak to their parents and grandparents in Korean.
Professor Sung-Ock Sohn teaches Korean classes at UCLA. She says another reason people want to learn the language is the growing economic power of South Korea. Professor David Schaberg, Dean of Humanities at the University of California, says the popularity of Korean language training is also affecting American culture. He says it shows that American culture is becoming more Asian, or at least opening up to more Asian influences. Language researchers say the growing number of U.S. students taking Korean language classes shows no sign of ending anytime soon. Their reasons: the popularity of K-pop and the rising number of Korean-Americans seeking to re-connect with older family members. Questions: 1. What is K-pop according to the news? 2. Why is Korean language learning becoming popular in the United States? 3. What does Professor Schaberg think of this phenomenon?
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Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. A 2. C 3. D 4. B 5. C Conversation Two 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. A
■ Script
Conversation One W: The Internet is very popular at the moment. M: It has been for many years now. W: Our company couldn’t exist without the Internet. It just wouldn’t be possible. M: Have you ever met anyone online? W: No. I use computers all day at work. I’m not particularly keen on getting home and then using
a computer again. M: But don’t you work from home? W: When I do, I send the work back to the office over the net. But I don’t waste my time chatting. M: I do. I can speak to people from around the world and the computer translates their text
straight into English. W: So rather than try and learn a new language, you rely on the computer to do all the work. M: Give me a break, we can’t learn every language you know, and I can communicate with
people I would not normally be able to. W: When computer translation is reliable enough for business, then I’ll be interested. For me the
Internet is a business tool, not a toy. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. What does the woman usually do on the Internet? 2. Why doesn’t the woman chat on the Internet? 3. Who does the man chat with on the Internet? 4. How does the man chat with foreigners? 5. For the woman, what’s the function of the Internet?
Conversation Two W: Hi, Dave! What’s up? M: Oh, not much. What have you been doing recently, Cathy? W: I’ve been chatting online a lot with friends. M: Where do you go to chat? W: I usually use yahoo messenger. What about you? M: I’ve never chatted online before. W: What?! How is that possible? Why not? M: Well, my computer is really old, so most software isn’t compatible with my computer. W: Do you want to come over to mine? I can show you how to use it. M: That would be great. How do you access the Internet? W: I have wireless broadband. It’s so convenient. I love it. M: My parents only have dial-up. They’re so behind the times.
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W: Don’t worry, if you get a new laptop, you can bring it to mine and use my wireless connection. M: How long does it take to download mp3 files? W: Not very long at all. I usually download at least 30 a day. M: Do you ever download any TV programs or movies? W: Sure, I’d say that I download at least one program a day. M: Do you think you could download some for me? W: Sure, just let me know what you want. M: Let me see... I’ve heard a lot about a show called Friends. W: No problem. Did you know that there are many Friends forums online? M: What’s a forum? W: It’s a place you can go to online where you can chat to other people who have similar interests
as you. M: Do the Friends stars ever show up there? W: Sometimes, people say they are the Friends stars, but you never know who you’re talking to.
For all I know, Jennifer Aniston is really just an old fat man. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. Why hasn’t the man ever chatted online? 2. How does the woman access the Internet? 3. Which of the following is not mentioned as online activities? 4. How do people with similar interests usually chat online?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One Listening for general comprehension 1. Buying presents. 2. They still have security worries. Listening for specific comprehension 1. B 2. D 3. D 4. C 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general comprehension With only two weeks to go before Christmas, buying presents is a high priority for a lot of
people. However, this year not so many people are leaving their homes to browse around the shops. These days lots of people can do their shopping in the comfort of their own home with the help of the Internet.
Online shopping is becoming more and more popular for a number of reasons. Prices are often lower online. You don’t have to queue up in busy shops and you can buy almost any product imaginable with just a few clicks of your mouse.
Computer trends are often male-dominated but this year women are expected to do more shopping on the Internet than men. It seems women are now more attracted to the convenience of online shopping than they used to be.
In the past a lot of people were reluctant to shop online. Many were worried about the security of entering their card details on the Internet and the reliability of the Internet, but as shopping online has become more widespread, these worries have begun to disappear. 45% of
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Internet users still do have security worries but it hasn’t slowed down the ever-increasing numbers of online shoppers. Listening for specific comprehension 1. According to the passage, where can people do their shopping with the help of the Internet? 2. Which of the following is NOT the reason for the popularity of online shopping? 3. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true? 4. Why were a lot of people reluctant to shop online in the past? 5. What is the trend of online shopping?
Passage Two
Listening for general information 1. co-workers 2. accurate Listening for specific comprehension 1. B 2. C 3. A 4. A 5. D
■ Script
Listening for general information More Americans are Googling themselves—and many are checking out their friends,
co-workers and romantic interests, too. In a report on Sunday, the Pew Internet and American Life Project said 47 percent of U.S.
adult Internet users have looked for information about themselves through Google or another search engine.
About 60 percent of Internet users said they weren’t worried about the extent of information about themselves online, despite increasing concern over how that data can be used.
Americans under 50 and those with more education and income were more likely to self-Google—in some cases because their jobs demand a certain online persona. Meanwhile, Pew found that 53 percent of adult Internet users admit to looking up information about someone else, celebrities excluded.
Often, it’s to find someone they’ve lost touch with. But looking up information about friends, relatives, colleagues and neighbors also was common. Although men and women equally searched for online information about themselves, women were slightly more likely to look up information about someone they are dating.
Few Internet users say they Google themselves regularly—about three-quarters of self-searchers say they have done so only once or twice. And most who have done so consider what they find accurate. Listening for specific comprehension 1. When was the report released according to the passage? 2. What kind of people were more likely to Google themselves? 3. Why do some adult Internet users look up information about someone else? 4. How often did most self-searchers search themselves? 5. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
Passage Three
Listening for general information
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1. Internet has changed the ways people communicate, work, shop and learn.
2. It is mainly about how people share and work by using the latest Internet technology.
Listening for specific information 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. C
■ Script
Listening for general information Internet has changed the ways people communicate, work, shop and learn. The latest Internet
technology gives you even more ways to share and work with others. On the Internet, you can publish your thoughts, experiences, pictures and videos. Post all
your pictures on Flickr and as many videos as you like on You Tube. These and many other sites provide an almost unlimited amount of storage space.
Tags, or keywords, help keep blog posts, pictures and videos organized. Label your posts with tags that describe what you have uploaded. When you need to find something later, simply type those words into the search field.
New Internet tools help you work with others better. Wikis are websites that can be edited by multiple people at the same time. For example, wikipedia is an online wiki encyclopedia that anybody can add to or edit.
Wikis help people work together more efficiently on projects. Users communicate in one common place rather than sending e-mails back and forth. Many companies, schools and individuals find wikis useful. For example, coworkers at different offices can use one to work on a project together. Some people even use wikis to plan their wedding!
New Internet technology lets you participate even more in your online experience. Start trying out these new tools, and discover all the things you can do on the Internet! Listening for specific information 1. What can people do on the website Flickr? 2 How can people keep their blog posts, pictures and videos organized? 3. Who can edit or add something to the website Wikis? 4. How does wikis help people work together more efficiently on projects? 5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

Ⅴ. Radio Program

1. the political philosophy 2. human rights organization 4. to use digital technology 5. solving the problem 7. condemn all forms of hatred 9. individual acts of violence

3. launched the project 6. discrimination and violence 8. as far as they’re concerned 10. provides up-to-date listings

■ Script



Ⅵ. Movie
1. sharp

2. moment

3. entrusted

4. destiny

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5. won 9. imagine

6. folk 10. Service

7. besides

■ Script


8. stupid

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Unit Five Benefits of Music

Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities

Part 1 略 Part 2
On young people 1. To bring joy and hope

Positive effects of music On elderly people
1.To reduce tension and anxiety 2.To reduce the feeling of isolation and solitude 3.To increase the production of human growth
hormone

■ Script

The minds of young people are filled with eternal hope, which reflects in their musical creations. This can be clearly seen while watching them learn to play musical instruments and when they are performing. The combination of young minds and music brings joy and hope.
There have been a lot of studies conducted on the influence of music. In the elderly people, music has been shown to not only reduce tension and anxiety but also helps reduce the feeling of isolation and solitude. And a surprising revelation of this study was that the subjects enrolled for this study showed an increased production of human growth hormone, which has a positive effect on the side effects of aging like wrinkling, general aches and pains.
Health workers can draw an important inference from this study. It shows that group activity and interaction with others is important for staying healthy and having a better standard of living. It proves the long held belief that music is a means to link with our higher selves and thereby help us lead a healthy life that can be enjoyed to the fullest.

Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports 1. D 2. A 3. B 4. C 5.B 6. C 7. A
■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
The World Bank has warned that 100 million more people will be pushed into poverty by 2030 unless action is taken to prevent global warming. It says global warming will ravage crops and fuel the spread of malaria and other diseases. Laura Becca reports from Washington.
“The World Bank says that climate change is already having an effect on the poorest people who are struggling to raise crops in extreme weather and low rainfall. They say the world’s poorer receive fewer resources and are woefully unprepared to deal with further climate shocks such as

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rising seas or severe drought. They’re calling for more to be done to help those in need and they want world leaders to act to reduce carbon emissions. That report had been released just a few weeks before a UN climate summit in Paris.” Questions: 1. Which of the following statements about the impact of global warming is NOT true? 2. How are the world leaders supposed to help the poor according to the news?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
Many parties and concerts at SXSW feature new music. This one honored Buddy Holly, the great singer and songwriter who died in 1959. He was only twenty-two when he died in a plane crash while on tour.
This event was organized by the Buddy Holy Foundation and its principal mover, Buddy Holly’s widow, Maria Elena Holly. The foundation’s aim, among others, is to help aspiring artists survive success.
Maria Elena says Buddy Holly had lost the rights to some of his own songs because he was new at the music business. She says the idea for the foundation came from Buddy himself.
Austin entertainment attorney Stephen Easley says the foundation tries to help aspiring musicians learn the business. The Buddy Holly Foundation will give an award beginning next year. It will include ten thousand dollars and free management services, and is named for Holly’s song, “Learning the Game”.
The Buddy Holly Foundation and Maria Elena Holly are encouraging musicians, young and old, to make sure that Buddy Holly’s music does not “fade away”. Questions: 1. What do we learn about the Buddy Holy Foundation from the news report? 2. What will be the award given by the Buddy Holly Foundation?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
Forbes magazine says there are now a record of 1226 billionaires on its annual rich list, compared with 140 when it was launched 25 years ago. The Mexican telecoms magnate Carlos Slim, who’s worth an estimated $69 billion, tops the list for the third year in a row followed by the software magnate Bill Gates and financier Warren Buffett. No Indian billionaires are in the top 10 this year, and the only Chinese one is the Hong Kong property magnate Li Ka-shing. Steve Forbes explains why. “Well, what it tells us is there’s a lot of churn. There hasn’t been a lot of growth in the economy in the last year. The number of billionaires went up 16, but yet some regions go down: China went down a little bit; Russia went down because of weak commodity prices. But the fact is there hasn’t been a lot of real vigorous growth in the world, and that’s reflected on the list this year.” Questions: 1. How many billionaires were on the list when Forbes magazine was launched 25 years ago? 2. Who came first on the list for three consecutive years? 3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the news?
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Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. D 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. D Conversation One 1. B 2. B 3. B 4. D
■ Script
Conversation One M: How are your new neighbors, Jane? W: They seem nice enough, but they have a son who’s driving me crazy. M: What happened? W: He comes home every night around 10, and immediately plays some Rock and Roll loudly
after he enters his house. But by then Brian and Lisa are wide awake. M: Oh, no. W: Oh, yes. Sometimes it takes us till mid-night just to get them settle down again. M: Have you tried talking to them? W: We haven’t even really met them yet except to say a quick hello. I hate to get off on the
wrong foot. M: You are not going to like them if you can not settle it as soon as possible. W: I know, but I feel stupid complaining. M: You said yourself it is driving you crazy. W: Well, you know how early I have to get up to be here at the office. I’m just not getting enough
sleep and neither are the kids. They’re so irritable when I get home in the afternoon. M: Maybe you could go over sometime with a little gift—a plant for the yard or something. Then
you could ask about their son whether they have any other children and they’ll be sure to ask about yours. W: Yeah, and then what? M: Then you could mention that the hardest thing is getting your kids to get sleep at night. W: And keeping them in the sleep. M: That’s the idea. And you should do it soon. The longer you wait, the harder it’ll be to do politely. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. What does the woman think of her new neighbors? 2. What bothers the woman according to the conversation? 3. Why is the woman reluctant to speak to her neighbors about the problem? 4. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the woman and her children? 5. What suggestion does the man offer?
Conversation Two
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M: Is it difficult to be a top DJ? 22-year-old Jodie White thinks so. Jodie is a classical musician, but she learned how to be a DJ for a TV reality show, and she did it in just four weeks. Jodie, tell us what happened.
W: Well, I had a lot of help. Two experienced DJs helped me. M: But what did you have to do? W: First, I had to change my image. I was a bit unfashionable before, so I went shopping and
bought new jeans and trainers. I also changed my hair. M: Yes, you look very different now. W: But buying new clothes was easy. It was more difficult playing the records. M: It doesn’t look difficult. W: That’s what I thought, but it is. I had to learn about pop music, about different groups, and I
had to find songs that sounded good together. I was listening to hundreds of records every week. M: Did you practice often? W: Yes, I did. But I was disorganized and I made mistakes. The experienced DJs were very organized. They had all their records ready. People didn’t like the music I played and I was unhappy about that. M: But you didn’t stop. W: No, I didn’t. I wanted to get it right. I was playing records eight hours a day—I wasn’t practicing my flute at all! M: Did it make a difference? W: Yes it is. After four weeks, I was ready to be a real DJ. M: How did you feel? W: Well, I was feeling nervous when I arrived at the club. We started late and the people were impatient. They looked unfriendly, but when I started playing my music, it was great. People were dancing and enjoying themselves. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. How long does it take for the woman to become a DJ? 2. What did the woman do to change her image? 3. What did the woman do in order to learn how to play the records? 4. How long did the woman spend in practicing playing records?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One
Listening for general information 1. 45minutes of relaxing music before bedtime 2. a 35% improvement in their sleep Listening for specific information 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. D 5. C
■ Script
Listening for general information Forget counting sheep, next time you are having trouble dropping off to sleep, try putting on
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a jazz CD. Researchers have shown just 45 minutes of relaxing music before bedtime can make for a restful night.
The Taiwanese researchers studied the sleeping patterns of 60 elderly people with sleep problems. They told the Journal of Advanced Nursing, how the technique was easy to learn and lacked the side-effects of other treatments. The study participants were either given a choice of music to listen to before going to sleep or nothing at all. The music group were able to choose from six tapes that featured soft, slow music—around 60-80 beats per minute—such as jazz, folk or orchestral pieces.
Listening to music caused physical changes that aided restful sleep, including a lower heart and respiratory rate, the researchers found. The people in the music group reported a 35% improvement in their sleep, including better and longer night-time sleep and less dysfunction during the day. Listening for specific information 1. According to the passage, which of the following is the best when you have trouble getting to
sleep? 2. How many people participated in the study? 3. What advantage did the technique have in treating sleep problems? 4. What kind of music did people in the music group listen to? 5. What would listening to music probably result in according to the researchers?
Passage Two
Listening for general information 1. stimulate the mind 2. create a meditative mood Listening for specific information 1. D 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information Let’s face it—we all have some form of stress. Whether it’s due to work, school reports,
family, or relationships, we could all use a break now and then. Yet in the hustle and bustle of everyday’s life, a lot of us can’t find the time to just drop everything and take it easy.
Well, what if someone told you that by just playing music from classical composers like Mozart, Strauss, or Vivaldi, you might find your job a little easier and that it is beneficial to your learning and mind relaxation. It can also reduce our levels of stress.
Various studies of children have shown that those who receive music education or play a musical instrument often have increased academic skills. Don Campbell, author of The Mozart Effect, has dedicated himself to studying the effects of music on the mind and body. He counsels students that classical music playing in the background can help them concentrate for longer periods of time and memorize material more easily. He feels that Mozart’s music has a balance that makes it especially beneficial. But Campbell doesn’t stop with Mozart. He says that Bach can stimulate the mind, military marches can rev up the body, and religious music can help create a meditative mood. It’s important to find what works best for your situation.
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So the next time you feel yourself overwhelmed with work and deadlines, or if you’re just finding it difficult to concentrate, remember the power of music. Listening for specific information 1. Why do people often suffer from stress according to the speaker? 2. Which of the following is not mentioned as the benefits of listening to classical music? 3. What does Don Campbell study? 4. What makes Mozart’s music especially beneficial? 5. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
Passage Three
Listening for general information 1. It means listening to a Mozart Sonata increases IQ. 2. Classical music, rock, hip hop, popular music etc. Listening for specific information 1. A 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information In 1993 researchers from the University of Wisconsin and UC Irvine discovered that listening
to a Mozart Sonata increased IQ. This idea called the “Mozart Effect” has been confirmed by various studies around the world.
The study suggested that IQ rises 8 to 9 points when listening to Mozart compared to silence. Other studies have suggested improved test scores after listening to Mozart Piano Concertos. Why does this occur?
One reason is that classical music is generally very relaxing. Once the brain and body is relaxed, it is more receptive to new input. Classical music as opposed to silence or rock, hip hop or other popular music creates an environment that is conducive to cerebral activities.
Not all pieces of classical music are relaxing or create an environment for better cognitive abilities. However, compared to other genres of music, classical music has shown the most potential for increasing IQ.
Most classical music is “easy” to listen to, so much that it is sometimes considered “boring” compared to popular music. However, compared to other forms of popular music, it is less distracting. Therefore it helps improve focus while doing other activities.
Anecdotal evidence has shown that playing classical music to plants increases the speed and development of plant growth, and that playing classical music to babies increases the reasoning skills of the child. Listening for specific information 1. When was the study conducted? 2. What happens to the brain when it is relaxed? 3. Why do people sometimes feel bored listening to classical music? 4. What will happen when playing classical music to plants? 5. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
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Ⅴ. Learn English Through a Radio Program

1. summer is over 4. have recorded this song 7. the death of a father 10. the promise of new love
■ Script

2. falling to the ground 5. a lovely version 8. more hopeful song

3. the greatest songs 6. darker days and lost love 9. leaving the big city



Ⅵ. Song
1. angel 2. subway 3. crowded 4. caught 5. truth
■ Script


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Unit Six Food and Our Health

Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities

Part 1 略 Part 2
1. Keep clean

Keys

2. Separate raw and cooked

3. Cook thoroughly 4. Keep food at safe temperatures

5. Use safe water and raw materials

Specific tips a. Protect kitchen areas and food from insects, pests and other animals. b. Store food in containers to avoid contact between raw and prepared foods. c. Reheat cooked food thoroughly. d. Do not thaw frozen food at room temperature. e. Do not use food beyond its expiry date.

■ Script

The first tip is to keep clean. You should wash your hands before handling food and often during food preparation. You should try to protect kitchen areas and food from insects, pests and other animals.
The second one is to separate raw and cooked food. Storing food in containers can avoid contact between raw and prepared foods.
The third is to cook thoroughly, especially meat, poultry, eggs and seafood. You should bring foods like soups and stews to boiling to make sure that they have reached 70°C. For meat and poultry, you should make sure that juices are clear, not pink. Also, you should reheat cooked food thoroughly.
Then, you are advised to keep food at safe temperatures. Do not leave cooked food at room temperature for more than 2 hours and do not thaw frozen food at room temperature.
The last tip is to use safe water and raw materials. That means do not use food beyond its expiry date.

Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports
News Item 1 1. C 2. A News Item 2 3. A 4. D News Item 3 5. C 6. A 7. D

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■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
Americans are angry and growing more frustrated, but the reasons are mixed. At shopping day sales, they fight over who gets the biggest television. At their children’s soccer games, they attack the coach if their team is not winning. And in the extreme, some become so angry over issues of religion, politics and power that they commit mass murder on strangers, or threaten people with religions they do not like.
But Americans are also angry and divided about continued economic struggles. Also fueling the anger are divisions over such issues as immigration, same-sex marriage, abortion, gun control, police treatment of African-Americans and climate change.
The reasons people say they are unhappy include: a shrinking middle class, young people worried about debt and job prospects, a growing concern about terrorism and a belief that the political system favors the wealthy. Questions: 1. What do we know about Americans from the news report? 2. Which of the following is not the reason why Americans are unhappy?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
Some immigrants in the northeastern state of Maine are learning to lose their accents. Some of the immigrants speak English fluently, but have a difficult time being understood because they have heavy accents, reported the Portland Press-Herald newspaper. Assouma Nyirabahizi says she left her home and job in Rwanda two years ago, coming to America on a green card “in hopes of a brighter future”. Nyirabahizi has a master’s degree in computer science and speaks English fluently. She says all of her classes in Rwanda were taught in English, “but here I have to learn again because of my accent”. She attends a free class to reduce her accent with seven other students. Marta Greenlaw is the teacher. She says immigrants who reduce their accent have better success at work. And they can communicate more easily with store workers, teachers, doctors and neighbors. Questions: 1. What’s the news mainly about? 2. What do we know about Assouma Nyirabahizi from the news report?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
Indians who like alcohol, usually choose whiskey as their drink. But slowly, wine is growing more popular in the country. India’s first vineyard is named Sula. It began operations 15 years ago.
Sula Vineyards is India’s largest wine maker. About 200,000 people visit it every year. It is especially busy on weekends. Visitors explore the vineyards. Then, they learn how to taste wine, to best enjoy the blend of flavors.
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Indian tradition has not been approving of alcoholic drinks. And until now whiskey is the kind of alcohol that the general public has accepted.
There are several reasons for this. One is that more women have joined the workforce in the last ten years, and have independent incomes. In big cities like Delhi and Mumbai, women buying wine or having a drink is no longer considered unacceptable. Questions: 1. When did Sula, India’s first vineyard, begin operation? 2. What do we know about Sula Vineyards from the news report? 3. Which of the following is not mentioned as the reason why alcoholic drinks were not approved
of in India?
Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. B 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. C Conversation Two 1. A 2. B 3. D 4. C
■ Script
Conversation One W: John, have you chosen physical education class yet for this semester? M: No. Why? W: You’ve got to take rock-climbing. We just had the first class and it looks like it’s gonna be
great. M: You think I should take rock-climbing? You’ve got to be kidding. Besides, how can they teach
rock-climbing when it’s completely flat around here? W: That’s not important. You can’t just start climbing without any training. You had to get in
shape, learn how to use the ropes, the belts and the buckles. There’s a lot of preparation first. M: You don’t think it’s just a little bit dangerous? W: Not if you know how to use the safe equipment, which is, by the way, pretty hi-tech. The ropes
are made of elastic fabrics that stretch a little. The shoes have special rubber soles and the helmets are made of some kinds of special plastic. You have to learn how to use all these before you do any real climbing. M: Well, what’s the appeal? We’ll spend the whole semester studying something we don’t actually get to do. W: We will take a climbing trip during spring break. But that’s not the point. Climbing is not the only goal. In preparation to climb you learn patience, mental discipline and you gain fantastic physical strength, especially in your hands. For the first few weeks we can concentrate entirely on hand and upper-body exercises. M: All that in one sport? Maybe you are right. Since it’s not too late to join the class, maybe I will. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. What’s the woman trying to do?
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2. What does the man imply about rock-climbing at their college? 3. Why is the woman interested in rock-climbing? 4. What will the first few classes of rock-climbing focus on? 5. What will the man probably do?
Conversation Two M: What do you think about all the different diets that people go on? W: I don’t think dieting is good. It’s much better to eat a balanced diet and to never get
overweight to begin with! M: But what do you think about people who are obese? What should they do to lose weight? W: They need to eat healthy foods, but they also have to increase the amount of exercise they do
every day. Besides, they don’t have to cut out fattening foods altogether, though. M: So you think it is OK for people who are on a diet to eat chocolate? W: Of course, they can eat some chocolate! As long as they are taking regular exercise and eating
healthy foods mostly, there’s nothing wrong with having a small dessert. M: How about drinking soda? W: Many people gain weight by drinking far too much soda. Soda should be a treat because
there’s simply no nutritional value in it after all. If you want to lose weight and you can’t stop drinking soda, try some diet coke. M: That’s good advice. By the way, have you ever tried taking vitamins? W: My mother used to make me take vitamins every day, but I don’t take them anymore. Vitamins are good as a supplement, but they don’t do much good if you don’t have a well-balanced diet to start. M: How do you know so much about food and dieting? W: You might not believe this, but I used to be twice the size as I am now! Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. What should obese people do to lose weight according to the woman? 2. What does the woman think of drinking soda? 3. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the conversation? 4. Why does the woman know so much about dieting according to the conversation?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One
Listening for general information 1. The passage is about the benefits of eating apples. 2. Four. Listening for specific information 1. D 2. B 3. B 4. D 5. C
■ Script
Listening for general information “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” But why? Do you really know what makes an
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apple so special? Why is it that we never hear an orange or a banana a day keeps the doctor away? Apples have properties that no other fruits have and its benefits have been proven over time.
You will be able to get the benefits of these properties individually with other fruits, but an apple combines everything and makes it simpler.
First, apples contain Vitamin C. Vitamin C helps greatly your immune system. Second, apples are low in calories. A regular size apple has between 70-100 calories. Eating an apple when wanting candy or chocolate can make the desire disappear since apple in itself contains sugar, but gives you only 1/4 of the calories. Third, apples prevent tooth decay. The juice of the apples has properties that can kill up to 80% of bacteria. So there you have it, an apple a day also keeps the dentist away! Finally, apples can protect your brain from brain disease. This is something many people don’t know.
On average, Americans consume around 20 pounds of apples a year, which comes to around one apple a week. Unfortunately, while an apple a week is better than nothing, it is nowhere close to being able to extract all the advantages apples have to offer. Eating apples is part of balanced and healthy diet that will increase your longevity, so why limit yourself to only one per week? Listening for specific information 1. What does the sentence “An apple a day keeps the doctor away” indicate? 2. Compared with other fruits, what’s the advantage of apples? 3. How many calories does a regular size apple have? 4. Why can apples prevent tooth decay? 5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
Passage Two
Listening for general information 1. The passage is about some tips about eating to increase physical performance. 2. Four. Listening for specific information 1. D 2. A 3. C 4 C 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information Many professional sports teams have recently added a new member to their organization—a
nutritionist. That’s because athletes have become aware that food affects performance. You don’t have to be an athlete to notice this effect. If you’ve ever skipped breakfast and then tried to clean the house, you know that you need food for energy. Here are some tips about eating to increase your physical performance.
First, eat enough food. Your body needs a certain number of calories each day. If you’re too thin, you’ll often feel tired and you’ll be more likely to get sick.
Second, read the labels on food products. This information will tell you how nutritious the foods are.
Third, avoid eating foods that are high in simple carbohydrates, that is, sugars. A chocolate bar will first give you energy, but then it will leave you feeling even more tired.
Fourth, eat a balanced diet, one that includes complex carbohydrates, protein, and fat. Use the
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food pyramid to help you decide how much to eat of each type of food. Complex carbohydrates provide the body with “fuel”. They are found in fruits and vegetables, and in bread, rice, pasta, and other foods made from grains. The body uses protein to build muscles, and it uses fat to absorb the vitamins in food. Protein and fat are found in foods like milk, cheese, meat, fish, and eggs. Too much fat, however, can be harmful. Listening for specific information 1. According to the passage, what has been added to many professional sports teams recently? 2. If you were too thin, what will happen according to the passage? 3. Which of the following tips is NOT mentioned in the passage? 4. Why do we need fat according to the passage? 5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
Passage Three
Listening for general information 1. The passage is about what bad eating habits are and how to get rid of them. 2. Four. Listening for specific information 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. C
■ Script
Listening for general information Most of you who just started to work out may not know that having bad eating habits actually
makes losing weight much more difficult. Of course, those wanting to build muscles will also find that the development rate of the muscles is too slow. Now, how do we actually know whether we are having bad eating habits or not?
Don’t worry, let us now take a look at several bad eating habits that you may have and definitely should remove.
First, skipping breakfast is not a healthy eating habit. Breakfast is a must! Even if you are having a heavy breakfast, you will have all day to burn the calories. That is why I mentioned “eat like a king”. Skipping breakfast also makes you feel hungrier throughout the rest of the day thus causing you to eat more.
Second, do you have the habit of eating before you sleep? If you have the habit of eating before going to bed, I hope you are not having any plans of losing weight. When you are sleeping, your body does not burn much calories.
Third, eating a lot before exercising is also a bad habit. If you exercise after you have a huge meal, chances are that you might feel sluggish or maybe even a stomachache might occur.
Finally, I always recommend people to have 6 meals. It reduces the chance that you will feel hungry compared to having 3 meals a day where the time between each meal is so long. But do take note that I am not asking you to have 6 HUGE meals a day. Listening for specific information 1. According to the passage, why do some people find it difficult to lose weight? 2. What is the author’s attitude towards skipping breakfast? 3. When you sleep, what is going on inside your body? 4. What will happen if you eat a lot before exercising?
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5. How many meals a day does the author suggest?

Ⅴ. Radio Program

1. for weight control 4. not to eat fats 7. affected the body fat 10.obesity-related diseases
■ Script

2. government researchers 5. a measure of energy 8. eating an excess amount



3. one-third of adults 6. low, normal or high 9. diet and conditions

Ⅵ. Movie

1. male

2. tail

6. profession 7. mess

■ Script



3. approval 8. deserves

4. frankly 9. faithful

5. issues 10. entirely

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Unit Seven Being Famous

Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities

Part 1 略
Part 2

1. your talent 4. to be noticed

■ Script

2. groundbreaking advances 5. Work it

3. Break the record

Whether walking the red carpet, publishing in respected and influential magazines or taking a place in the record books, becoming famous requires patience and strategy.
Find and develop your talent. Famous actors, writers, physicists and explorers all discovered their passion and spent time developing it. Send an audition tape to a reality show. Post your talents online at popular websites like You Tube and Myspace.
Produce groundbreaking advances in your field. Attract attention by exceeding expectations of judges in your area of expertise. If you have natural talent in your chosen field, continue to further your knowledge. Take classes and apply to the most respected and prestigious programs.
Break the record of the person who is the highest record holder in your arena. Conquer something previously thought unconquerable-mountains and long-distance flights. Set a goal and overcome it. Succeed and there’s a good chance to be remembered by historians for years.
Position yourself to be noticed. Move to a big city and gain more opportunities to tap into the national market. Obtain as much information about your industry and apply it.
Work it. Wherever you go, act like someone who should be noticed. Even if you aren’t famous yet, people notice confidence.

Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports
News Item 1 1. B 2. C News Item 2 3. A 4. B News Item 3 5. B 6. D 7. C
■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
Belgian security forces are continuing to search for a man seen with two suicide bombers at the airport and metro attacks in Brussels, Belgium.

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At least 31 people were killed and 271 wounded. The Islamic State terrorist group is claiming responsibility for the attacks. A U.S. official told VOA there is no reason to doubt the claim.
Belgian federal prosecutor Frederic Van Leeuw confirmed that two of the attackers were brothers—Khalid and Ibrahim el-Bakraoui.
On Tuesday, Belgian police released a photograph of three men taken from closed-circuit television at the airport. Van Leeuw said Ibrahim and an unidentified man, both wearing dark clothing, died in the airport attacks.
Security forces are now looking for the third person in the photo. The man was wearing a white jacket with a black hat. Questions: 1. What is the number of casualties in the airport and metro attacks in Brussels? 2. Which of the following statements about the attackers is NOT true according to the news?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
In America, one big Easter tradition sends children hunting for hidden Easter eggs. Children carry baskets and collect eggs made of chocolate or candy. They search in the house, their yards or a park.
But one egg hunt on Saturday went wrong in the northeastern State of Connecticut. A candy company hosted an egg hunt for children. The company is called PEZ, and it hid more than 9,000 eggs on its property in Connecticut. But way more people showed up than the candy maker expected.
The egg hunt was set up on three separate fields, and children would be assigned to hunt for eggs based on their ages. But Monday morning, stories reported parents going out of control at the hunt and made PEZ one of the top trending topics on Facebook.
It turns out the parents rushed on to the fields where the eggs were hidden. They said they were trying to get eggs for their children. But instead, they left behind a lot of hurt feelings. Questions: 1. Who hosted the egg hunt on its property in Connecticut? 2. What happened at the egg hunt on Saturday in Connecticut?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
In Ohio’s presidential primary recently, 17-year-olds were permitted to vote. That’s unusual because the voting age in the United States is 18. But during this election campaign, some people want to change the voting rules.
In Ohio, a judge ruled that 17-year-olds who turn 18 before the November 8 general election can vote.
Several groups, including Generation Citizen, want local governments to permit all 16- and 17-year-olds to vote. Generation Citizen argues that lowering the voting age will increase interest in government and politics.
“A lower voting age would involve parents, teachers, and community members in the process of learning to vote, and ultimately voting themselves, raising adult voter turnout,” said Oliver York, age 16. He is a junior at a San Francisco high school and working with Generation Citizen’s “Vote
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16 USA Campaign”. Arguments against lowering the voting age include: 16- and 17-year-olds are not mature
enough and would vote the way their parents do. Here is what one person wrote on the website debate.org: “It’s simply the fact that people at
16-17-years-old don’t have the emotional or mental maturity of someone 20-years-old. Their minds are still crazed with the chemicals of being a teenager.” Questions: 1. What do some groups including Generation Citizen want local governments to do? 2. Who is Oliver York according to the news? 3. Why are some people against lowering voting age?
Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. B 2. C 3. D 4. B 5. A Conversation Two 1. A 2. C 3. B 4. D
■ Script
Conversation One W: Good evening, and welcome to tonight’s edition of Legendary Lives. Our subject this evening
is James Dean—actor and hero for the young people of his time. Edward Nervy is the author of a new biography of Dean. Good evening, Edward! M: Hello, Tina! W: Edward, tell us what you know about Dean’s early life. M: He was born in Indiana in 1931, but his parents moved to California when he was five. He wasn’t there long, though, because his mother passed away just four years later. James’ father sent him back to Indiana after that to live with his aunt. W: So how did he get into acting? M: Well, first he acted in plays of high school, then he went to college in California where he got seriously into acting. In 1951, he moved to New York to more stage acting. W: Then when did his movie career really start? M: 1955. His first starring role was in East of Eden. It was fabulous. Dean became a huge success. But the movie that really made him famous was his second one—Rebel without Cause. That was about teenagers who felt like they didn’t fit into the society. W: So how many more movies did he make? M: Just one more. Then he died in a car crash in California in 1955. W: What a tragedy! He only made three movies. So what made him the legend he still is today? M: Well, I guess is his looks, his acting ability, his short life and maybe the type of character he played in his movies. Many young people thought him as a symbol of American youth. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. Who is Edward Nervy? 2. When did James Dean and his parents move to California? 3. Which movie really made Dean famous?
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4. How did James Dean die? 5. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the conversation?
Conversation Two M: So, this is the first time we’ve met. W: Yes, it is. M: And my producers tell me that your real name is Jo. All this time I thought you were “J. K.” W: (Laughing) Yeah. M: J. K. is… W: Is just the nom de—well, it’s because my British publisher. When the first book came out, they
thought “this is a book that will appeal to boys”, but they didn’t want the boys to know a woman had written it. So they said to me ‘could we use your initials’ and I said “fine”. I only have one initial. I don’t have a middle name. So I took my favorite grandmother’s name, Kathleen. M: And fooled the boys for a while. W: Yeah, not for too long, because I started getting my picture in the press and no one could pretend I was a man anymore. M: Yes, and I don’t think the boys have minded. W: No, it hasn’t held me back, has it? Clearly not held me back. M: Is there something about being here, in this particular hotel where we are that you thought would be particularly stimulating to your creative process. That’s why you wanted to come here? To finish? W: Well, it turned out to be stimulating. For years and years and years I just would go to a caféand sit in a different kind of noise and work. I thought “I can go to a quiet place”. So I came to this hotel because it’s a beautiful hotel, but I didn’t intend to stay here. They were so nice to me here —and I think writers can be a little bit superstitious—so the first day’s writing went well so I kept coming back to this hotel and I ended up finishing the last of the Harry Potter books in this hotel. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. Why did the woman write under a pen name? 2. What did the boys do when they knew J.K. was a woman? 3. Where did the woman use to write? 4. What makes the hotel special for the woman?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One
Listening for general information 1. The world spends most of the time looking at the celebrity “elite”. 2. Teenage daughters want to marry or become the girlfriend of a celebrity. Listening for specific information 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. D
■ Script
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Listening for general information The world spends most of the time looking at the celebrity “elite” and occasionally trying to
emulate, on a much smaller scale, what they see there. Our celebrity culture is as it is but, as a new study shows, if it’s not filtered, it’s our teenage daughters that have the most to suffer from it, since they grow up to believe that marrying or becoming the girlfriend of a celebrity is what they want from life.
Undertaken by the British Girls’ School Association, on the occasion of the launch of a new site called My Daughter, which aims to help teens deal with age-specific issues, the poll showed that wife and girlfriends ranked the highest in terms of negative influence on youngsters. They make girls give up academic learning, in order to aspire to, some day, become the partner of a celebrity opting for high-heels and low IQs as a way of life.
However, given that the girls in question are surrounded almost constantly by such models from their peers to the celebrities they so admire, it’s up to the parents to make them see the difference between the options that are presented to them.
Other bad influences that must be counteracted by parents are the so-called “It girls” reality TV stars and, last but not least, celebrity magazines. Nevertheless, not all television is bad television. The same poll showed that TV shows like the long-running ER and Casualty prompt young girls to opt for a career in medicine. Listening for specific information 1. Who will suffer from celebrity culture most according to the study mentioned in the passage? 2. Why does the British Girls’ School Association launch a new site called “My Daughter”? 3. Who should help girls see the difference between the options that are presented to them? 4. Which of the following items is NOT mentioned as bad influences on girls? 5. What profession are young girls encouraged to take after watching the shows ER and Casualty
according to the poll?
Passage Two
Listening for general information 1. how to become a celebrity. 2. Five steps and four tips. Listening for specific information 1. B 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. C
■ Script
Listening for general information Andy Warhol once said that everyone will have 15 minutes of fame. This may or may not be
true, but to achieve celebrity status and stay there, you’ll have to be persistent. Here are some things to keep in mind.
The steps are as follows. First, have a personality, any personality. Without this, forget the rest. Second, work on your singular talent, whether it’s cooking, acting, singing, writing, whatever. Third, try to reach the widest possible audience. Then, get a good publicist. You must be on front pages or inner covers. Always get a full page somewhere or a page where your mug dominates. Finally, Start anywhere and smile. Work your way up in circulation.
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There are also some tips for you to achieve celebrity. First, have a website, blog or both and network them. Second, becoming a “low cost” celebrity can be anyone’s niche. Third, every once in a while, do something outrageous. Fourth, try to be witty or funny at times but don’t force it if and when not natural.
But contrary to popular belief, being celebrity is not always easy. Once you are famous, your personal life is no longer your own. Try to keep it separate as much as you can. Listening for specific information 1. Which is the most important step in achieving celebrity status? 2. How can a good publicist help you? 3. According to the speaker, how often can you do outrageous things? 4. When should you try to be witty or funny? 5. What will happen if you are famous?
Passage Three
Listening for general information 1. photographers 2. celebrities Listening for specific information 1. A 2. B 3. D 4. D 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information Paparazzi are photographers who tirelessly hunt celebrities and their families so as to
photograph them in candid, unflattering and at times compromising moments. Some people hate them, while more seems to need them.
To stars, in the limelight they are public figures and off-stage, their lives are private. But to the public, both stars’ performances and their private lives are entertainment. To satisfy people’s eagerness to get a glimpse into celebrities’ lives, the cat and mouse game between paparazzi and celebrities is played out almost every day.
And when the paparazzi get too intrusive, conflicts between them and the stars intensify. A few months ago, Jay Chou was chased by several paparazzi as he was driving a car with his girlfriend and the angry Jay pushed over a reporter’s scooter.
Facing repeated offenses, some celebrities choose to endure them unless their families are also involved.
Famous actor and Faye Wang’s husband Li Yapeng has made it clear that his family is his bottom line, beyond which he will never compromise.
And famous Taiwan actress, singer and writer Annie Yi also says the media can gossip about her private life and her career but bothering her little son is something she won’t stand.
But as people’s curiosity for celebrities’ lives grows, paparazzi are trying every means to hunt them down. Besides paparazzi are just one link in a long chain that has benefited many industries. So it seems that for celebrities, between fame and the right to privacy, they can only choose one. Listening for specific information 1. How do most people feel about the paparazzi?
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2. Why do paparazzi and celebrities play the cat and mouse game? 3. When will the conflicts between paparazzi and the stars intensify? 4. What is the bottom line for some celebrities when offended by the paparazzi? 5. According to the passage, what will the celebrities lose if they want to have the right to privacy?

Ⅴ. Radio Program
1. lend their fame 4. humanize an issue 7. what they have survived 10. the daily experience
■ Script


2. getting the attention 5. adventurous young men 8. reach out to them

3. using their popularity 6. affecting the planet 9. in a very personal way

Ⅵ. Songs
1. possess 2. fulfill
■ Script


3. succeed

4. dignity

5. achieve

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Unit Eight People in the Movie Industry

Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities

Part 1 略 Part 2
Sally Field Jack Palance Roberto Benigni Greer Garson

Stars’ Memorable Moment on the Acceptance Speech She said, “You like me. Right now, you really like me.” He did push-ups. He decided to walk on the chairs instead of the steps to get the stage. He held the record for the longest acceptance speech in history.

■ Script

Those who win an Oscar enter into a whole new competition when they give their acceptance speech: As if walking away with a little gold man wasn’t enough of a feat, they must then make—at the very least—an acceptable acceptance speech in which they remember to thank all the important people.
But of course, it’s better to be memorable. When Sally Field won for Best Actress in Places in the Heart in 1984, she said, “You like me. Right now, you really like me.” Everyone loved that speech. Sometimes, it’s actions, not words, that make the speech more memorable. Jack Palance did push-ups when he won Best Supporting Actor for City Slickers in 1993. But no one can top Roberto Benigni, who in 1999 turned his acceptance speech for “Life is Beautiful” into a virtual Olympic event by deciding to walk on the chairs instead of the steps to get on the stage. A brief speech is always appreciated by the producers, who will start to play music during the longer ones to try to rush things along. Greer Garson holds the record for the longest acceptance speech in history, going more than five minutes after picking up a statue for her role in 1942’s Mrs. Miniver.

Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports
News Item 1 1. B 2. B News Item 2 1. D 2. B News Item 3 1. C 2. D 3. C

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■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2will be based on the following news item.
A man shot a police officer in Philadelphia on Thursday and said he did it to support the Islamic State terror group. Officer Jesse Hartnett was hit multiple times after a 30-year-old man fired 13 shots into his vehicle. Hartnett was wounded, but managed to return fire, striking the attacker multiple times. Hartnett is expected to recover. He was shot three times in the arm. The shooter was captured later by other Philadelphia officers. Police released images from a security video showing the shooter taking aim at the police officer who sat in his police car. Police commissioner Richard Ross said “it’s amazing he’s alive.” Police Captain James Clark says after the shooter was captured, he pledged his allegiance to the Islamic State terror group. Hartnett will require multiple surgeries to repair his gunshot wounds. But Ross says “this could easily have been a police funeral.” Questions: 1. Why did the man shoot the police officer? 2. Where was the police officer when he was shot by the man?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
Scientists say a huge percentage of bird species are in danger because their habitats, or homelands, are disappearing. Traditional migration paths take birds through countries that are not protecting locations to stop, rest and feed. The scientists studied the migration, or flight paths, of almost 1,500 species. They decided that 91 percent of them passed through dangerous areas. The major danger for migratory birds is development. Building and paving has covered over nature where birds stop and feed as they move from one part of the world to another. For example, a bird called the bar-tailed godwit migrates from its breeding grounds in the Arctic. It flies all the way to the southern hemisphere in Australia and New Zealand. Along the way, the small birds stop at Yellow Sea mudflats in China, North Korea and South Korea. Questions: 1. Which of the following is the major danger for migratory birds? 2. Which of the following countries is not a stop of bar-tailed godwits during their migration?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
The U.S. made its first export of crude oil in four decades last Thursday. The exports were banned in the mid-1970s. That ban was lifted a few weeks ago. The Arab Oil Embargo began in 1973. Arab nations who produce oil dramatically limited their shipments to the U.S. This was done to punish the U.S. over its military support for Israel. The Arab cartel later expanded the embargo to other countries, and oil prices soared worldwide. By 1974, the price of oil had risen from $3 per barrel to nearly $12 globally. U.S. prices were much higher. The embargo had many short-and long-term effects on global politics and the global economy.The skyrocketing prices led to a drop in demand for oil. Countries looked to alternative energy sources such as natural gas, nuclear energy and coal, says the Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Oil-producing
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nations outside the Middle East increased their production and relied more on domestic supply. “The embargo set U.S. energy policy on a path that still guides us 40 years later,” wrote Robert Rapier in an article on the website Oilprice.com. That website reports oil and energy news. Questions: 1. When did the Arab Oil Embargo begin? 2. Why did Arab nations dramatically limit their shipments of crude oil to the U.S.? 3. Which of the following statements is not the effect of Arab Oil Embargo?
Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. D 2. C 3. B 4. B 5. B Conversation Two 1. B 2. B 3. B 4. C
■ Script
Conversation One M: Did you hear that Betty almost lost her job? W: You mean the part-time job? M: Yes, she takes care of the Smiths’ children when their mother is sick. Mrs. Smith hasn’t been
well lately and Mr. Smith is quite busy. W: What happened? Why did Betty almost lose her job? M: Well, there was a children’s movie at the neighborhood theater last Saturday. It was one of
those G movies, for general audiences. When they got to the theater, they found that the G movie wasn’t there anymore. The theater was showing an X-rated movie called Girls. W: X-rated movies are really bad, aren’t they? They’re even worse than R-rated ones. M: Yes, R-rated movies mean restricted movies and teenagers aren’t supposed to see. If children under the age of 13 go to the PG13 movies, they should go together with parents and should be guided by their parents. But Betty didn’t know what X meant, and she thought a movie called Girls would be fine for little girls. W: Did the theater let her in? M: No, but Betty tried to make them let her in. The manager had to call Mrs. Smith. That’s how she almost lost her job. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. What is Betty’s part-time job? 2. Why did Betty almost lose her job? 3. What kind of movie is for general audiences? 4. How did Mrs. Smith know Betty intend to take her children to watch an X-rated movie? 5. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
Conversation Two W: My friends have compared my film to the best of Orson Welles’ works. How can you criticize
it?
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M: You... Welles? I, well, um, I appreciate your confidence in yourself. But you do know who Welles was, right?
W: Nah. I don’t watch films by British directors. M: You really don’t know who Welles was at all! Welles was American! Do you even pay
attention to my lectures? W: I don’t listen to people talk about films; I make films. I’m a doer. M: You really have to pay attention from now on. Welles first became famous on the radio
especially for his reading of War of the Worlds in 1938. Three years later, he made his first movie, Citizen Kane, in 1941. Other films of his include The Magnificent Ambersons in 1942 and The Lady from Shanghai in 1948. People consider Kane to be his best film. W: That must be the one that looks like my film. M: People consider it not only his best film, but the best film in movie industry. Do you really think your film is that good? W: My mom seems to think so. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. Who is Orson Welles according to the conversation? 2. When did Orson Welles make his first film? 3. Which of the following was considered the best film made by Orson Welles? 4. Which of the following statements about the woman is TRUE according to the conversation?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One
Listening for general information 1. Will Smith is an American actor, producer and singer. 2. His wife is a successful actress. Listening for specific information 1. C 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. D
■ Script
Listening for general information Will Smith is an American actor, producer and singer. He was born on the 25th September
1968 in Philadelphia. Pursuing music in his early career, Smith teamed up with Jeffrey A. Townes, whom he met at a party. However it wasn’t until in 1989 that he switched his career to TV. Nearing bankruptcy, Will Smith became his own persona in the 6-year sitcom The Fresh Prince of Bel Air that first aired in 1990. From then on, Smith transitioned from the series to major movies. As his popularity exploded, Smith was offered a major role in Bad Boys directed by Michael Bay. The action-packed cop adventure was a hit, and in 1996 Smith became a mega-star.
Today, Will Smith is considered one of the highest paid actors in Hollywood earning at least $20 million a movie. Most of his onscreen outings have been major blockbusters. Smith’s wife is also a successful actress and has been in the limelight for many years. Most recently, Will Smith’s son, Jaden Smith, made his debut in The Karate Kid alongside Jackie Chan. The movie grossed more than $50 million at the U.S box office in its first week.
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Listening for specific information 1. Where did Will Smith meet Jeffery A. Townes? 2. When did Will Smith begin his career as an actor? 3. Which movie helped make Will Smith a mega-star? 4. How much does Will Smith earn for one movie? 5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
Passage Two
Listening for general information 1. No, it is very hard and nobody would imagine that. 2. Because Lee is able to remake his style for each movie to suit the story of that movie. Listening for specific information 1. C 2. A 3. C 4. D 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information Once nobody would imagine that a Chinese-language kung-fu film would win the heart of
mainstream America and also sweep up many of Hollywood’s most important awards. But it proves that Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is not an ordinary martial arts movie. The amazing story of high-flying fighters from director Ang Lee is proved to be a great accomplishment in his life, from Lee’s youth as the quiet son of a middle-class family to a master of different film styles. Although Lee ever said “I hope I can live 300 years, and I can try all the film styles and mix them and twist them and learn about them”. In fact, to make a martial arts film was a part of his childhood dream. For his great love for Chinese tradition and culture, he expressed the theme very well. As a result, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was the most commercially successful foreign-language film ever made. Meanwhile, he has also won over the heart of audiences around the world.
Lee was considered to have a unique sensibility. According to some critics, Lee is able to remake his style for each movie to suit the story of that movie. Somehow he keeps down his own personality in his movies. He was so modest that he could direct actors to meet the needs from each movie very well. In this way, he made another achievement—won the 2005 Best Director Academy of Award. Listening for specific information 1. According to the passage, which of the following statements about Crouching Tiger, Hidden
Dragon is TRUE? 2. What kind of family was Ang Lee born in? 3. Why could Ang Lee express the theme of his films so well? 4. Which of the following is not correct in describing Ang Lee’s personality? 5. What award did Ang Lee win in 2005?
Passage Three
Listening for general information
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1. July 31. 2. 3.47 billion. Listening for specific information 1. C 2. C 3. C 4. D 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information Joanne Rowling, author of the best-selling Harry Potter series of books, was born in
southwest England. Her birthday, as true Harry Potter fans know, is July 31, the same as her famous boy-wizard hero.
She earned her degree in 1986 and over the next several years worked as a secretary. What she really wanted to do, however, was writing. Rowling wrote her first story, Rabbit at age five or six. Later, she tried her hand at writing novels for adults. But she never finished writing any novel before she wrote the Harry Potter books.
Rowling started writing the first Harry Potter book in 1990. The idea for Harry came to Rowling while she was on a delayed train between Manchester and London. Although she left England a short time later to teach English in Portugal, Rowling continued to flesh out Harry’s story.
The Harry Potter books have been translated into more than 60 languages, and it has been estimated that more than 300 million copies have been sold around the world. The first four books have been made into films: Sorcerer’s Stone made more than $950 million; Chamber of Secrets, more than $850 million; Prisoner of Azkaban, more than $780 million; and Goblet of Fire, more than $890 million. All four are among the top twenty highest-grossing films of all time. Listening for specific information 1. When did Joanne Rowling earn her degree? 2. What did Joanne Rowling really want to do when she worked as a secretary? 3. When did Rowling start writing the first Harry Potter book? 4. Where did Joanne Rowling get her idea for Harry Potter? 5. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

Ⅴ. Radio Program

1. highest honors

2. organizes the event

3. best actor and best actress

4. keeps its clocks working 5. French-made silent film

6. are competing for

7. best supporting actress nomination

8. to make the imaginary world

9. received a special medal

10. digital technology

■ Script



Ⅵ. Movies

1. toast 6. fuel

2. seriously 7. dangerous

3. highly 8. survive

4. talent 9. excellence

5. view 10. aware

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■ Script

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Unit Nine Developing Your Own Fashion Style

Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities

Part 1 略

Part 2

The Swoosh logo of Nike

Who is the designer of the logo?

Carolyn Davidson

When did she design the logo?

1971

How much did she bill the company?

$35

What did Knight present her when she left the company?

a diamond ring and an undisclosed amount of Nike stock

When did she retire?

2000

■ Script

Carolyn Davidson is a graphic designer best known as the creator of the Nike “Swoosh”. Davidson designed the Swoosh in 1971. Phil Knight, who was teaching an accounting class at the university, noticed Davidson working on an assignment, and asked her to do some work for what was then Blue Ribbon Sports, Inc. Needing to choose a logo in order to meet looming production deadlines, Knight settled on the Swoosh, after rejecting various other designs.
For her services, she billed the company $35. The Swoosh became an instantly-recognizable insignia for Nike around the world, and Davidson continued working for what is now Nike, Inc. Although Davidson left Nike in September 1983, Knight invited her to a company lunch. There, he presented her with a diamond ring engraved with the swoosh, and an undisclosed amount of Nike stock. Of the gift, Davidson says, “this was something rather special for Phil to do, because I originally billed him and he paid that invoice.”
Davidson retired in 2000, and now engages in hobbies and volunteer work, including weekly duties at the Ronald McDonald House at Legacy Emanuel Hospital & Health Center.

Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports
News Item 1 1. B 2. D News Item 2 1. A 2. D News Item 3 1. B 2. C 3. C

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■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
St. Patrick’s Day is Thursday, but some Americans started celebrating two weeks ago. The city of Alexandrian, Virginia, held its annual St. Patrick’s Day Parade on March 5. So did three cities in New Jersey. The holiday is a big deal in America and not only for the 33.1 million Americans who claim Irish ancestry. Many non-Irish Americans will join Irish friends in wearing green clothes on Thursday. Many will lift a mug of Guinness, the famous Irish beer.
At a Washington, D.C. luncheon this week, President Barack Obama made a note of how big St. Patrick’s Day has become. “Most folks who celebrate it aren’t Irish either.” The holiday honors Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. Patrick lived in the 5th century. He was taken by pirates and kept as a slave in Ireland. After he escaped, he was trained as a priest before returning to Ireland.
Questions:
1. What is the news report mainly about? 2. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the news?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
For the refugees living in a camp along the border of Greece and Macedonia, each day begins with hope. The refugees hope that the Macedonians will open the border. They hope that it won’t rain. They hope that they have enough food. Hope is what brings between 500 and 1,000 new refugees to the area every day. The refugees’ hopes were high last week. The refugees said they believed a meeting between the European Union and Turkish leaders would bring good news. Few of the nearly 16,000 refugees living in the camp understand that the EU and Turkey have reached a limited agreement. The EU will take one Syrian refugee from Turkey for each Syrian refugee that Turkey takes from Greece. EU leaders will meet soon to discuss the plan. The plan has angered UN refugee chiefs and human rights groups. The UN’s refugee agency said a blanket return may violate international law. Questions: 1. How many new refugees come to the border of Greece and Macedonia every day? 2. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the news?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
The suicide bombing attack of a mosque near Maiduguri, Nigeria, killed at least 22 people and wounded 17 Wednesday. The two bombers were female, according to the Associated Press. One detonated a bomb inside, reports said. The second bomber waited outside and exploded her bomb while those at prayer tried to escape. Sources say the blast took place early in the morning. Boko Haram, an African Islamic militant group, is known to use girls and women as suicide bombers, sometimes detonating the bombs remotely. One man escaped the destruction because he was late for prayer. Umar Usman saw what happened outside of the mosque. “We were just a few meters away from the mosque when a loud bang erupted,” he said. All we could see was dark
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smoke and bodies littered around.” No group or person claimed responsibility for the violence. Maiduguri is seen as the birthplace of Boko Haram and a frontline for fighting the terror group. Boko Haram often stages attacks and suicide bombings in the area of Maiduguri. Questions: 1. What do we know about the two suicide bombers from the news report? 2. What were people doing in the mosque when the explosion happened? 3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the news?
Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. C 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. D Conversation Two 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. B
■ Script
W: Paul, thanks for taking me to see The Devil Wears Prada tonight. That was a great movie. I really enjoyed it!
M: I thought you would, Christine. You’re so into fashion magazines, I figured you’d like this film.
W: I especially liked the character that Meryl Streep played. She was such a diva, but it was hard not to admire her devotion to her job.
M: Yeah, and some parts of the film were pretty cool. W: Such as? M: I really got into the scene where her character explains how the color a designer chooses to
emphasize one season a year later becomes “the” color that everyone wears. W: Yeah, that was interesting. M: I usually zone out when it comes to fashion, but I have noticed in stores like Giordano, that
one year it seems like everything will be, maybe, different shades of peach and the next year, you can’t find anything in peach. W: For sure. I know a woman who became an officer in a club in college and they wanted all the officers to wear a gray skirt and navy blue blazer as a uniform for official functions. The organization provided the blazer, but she had to buy her own skirt. She spent months looking for one! But gray wasn’t an “in” color that year and she finally had to settle for buying one at a second-hand shop. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. What movie did they see? 2. What kind of character did Meryl Streep play? 3. Is the man interested in fashion? 4. What should the officer wear as a uniform? 5. In the sentence “But gray wasn’t an ‘in’ color that year”, what does the word “in” mean?
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Conversation Two M: Can you help me pick out some fabric for a suit? I’m going to get one made for a friend’s
wedding. W: Sure. What kind of material do you want the suit to be made from? M: It depends on the price, but I was thinking of getting a wool and cashmere blend. W: That will probably be quite expensive, but the more you pay for the fabric, the longer it’ll last
and the better it’ll look. What color do you want the suit to be? M: I was thinking of a brown pin-striped suit. W: Brown, huh? Isn’t that a bit dull? M: Haven’t you heard? Brown is the new black. W: Why don’t you just get black? Black suits are always fashionable and can be worn for
anything—a funeral, a wedding, a job interview—anything! M: That may be true, but black is so boring. Anyway, I already have three black suits. I might as
well get a suit that stands out from the rest. W: Here are two different shades of brown. Which one do you prefer? M: I like the one on the left, but I don’t like the pattern on it. It’s too much. I want a pattern that’s
a bit subtler. W: How about this one? M: I think that will do. Let’s go talk to the tailor about getting it made. W: OK, let’s go. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. Why does the man want to make a suit? 2. What kind of material does the man want the suit to be made from? 3. What color does the man prefer for his suit? 4. What do we learn about the man from the conversation?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One
Listening for general information 1. such great lengths 2. Understand your body Listening for specific information 1. C 2. A 3. B 4. C 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information All through history one thing has never changed and that is in any given century, fashion has
been of great importance to us. Why is fashion so important to us? We go to such great lengths to look just right. Let’s face it; we are judged by how we look. That may sound shallow but it is true.
Some people are born lucky with great genes. Others need a little help. In either case we can all enhance our looks through clothing, makeup and jewelry.
Before you shop, let’s take a look at what you can do to improve your overall look. Look at your hairstyle. Does it really suit you? Is the color right? The right haircut and color
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can make more of a difference than you may realize. Makeup can change your look from ordinary to amazing, but take note: you’ll want to buy
products that are natural. Our environment is polluted enough and we don’t need to add to it by putting chemical products on our skin that can make us break out.
Before you go shopping for clothes, stand in front of a mirror and look at your body. Decide what you like about it and what you don’t. Don’t be shy to promote your best body features. Also, very important, wear colors that suit you.
In short, know before you go. Understand your body and shopping will be easier. And at the same time, you will look better. Listening for specific information 1. According to the passage, why do we try our best to look good? 2. According to the passage, what can help us enhance our looks? 3. What kind of change does makeup bring to us? 4. According to the passage, what kind of makeup should we buy? 5. What should we do before we go shopping for clothes?
Passage Two
Listening for general information 1. The passage is mainly about how to develop your own personal fashion style. 2. Four. Listening for specific information 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C 5. D
■ Script
Listening for general information What is your personal fashion style? Have you ever sat down and worked out your
personality and what would suit you? You should have some ideas of how to gain that look. The look that makes people say, “You have great sense of personal style.”
First, take a serious assessment of your personal style. Are you traditional? Are you modern? You have to find this out. This heads you in the right direction.
Second, why are you trying to develop your own personal fashion style? What is the reasoning behind it? Are you trying to be more noticeable, just for fun, or for the opposite sex?
Third, find your special market on your body. Britney Spears uses her belly button, and has it stand out. Pick your favorite part and do something with it.
Fourth, what would you change first? Your hair? Go to a salon. Your clothes? Go to the fashion district of your city. Jewelry? Find some nice stores with some antique or modern jewelry depending on your look. If you go for a huge change, pick out something with a new outfit and slowly incorporate it as jewelry, shirt, or scarf if you don’t want a sudden change.
Good luck in creating your personal fashion style. Make sure you incorporate your new fashion to hide some flaws in your body. Believe me, everyone has them, just hide them well. Have fun doing it, and enjoy yourself by expressing your new personal fashion style. Listening for specific information 1. According to the passage, what does “that look” refer to?
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2. Why Britney Spears was cited as an example in this passage? 3. How should you choose jewelry? 4. If you don’t want a sudden change, what should you do? 5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
Passage Three
Listening for general information 1. B 2. A Listening for specific information 1. C 2. D 3. B 4. A 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information Sharpen your fashion skills with these practical tips to flatter your figure and make your
clothes work for you. Every woman has flaws. These ideas are for those that accept them, but wish to minimize
them. Don’t forget, stand up straight, have good posture and carry yourself with grace. Not only will you appear taller, you will radiate self-confidence and charm.
Know your body and what looks good. You are logically attracted to clothes, styles and colors that flatter your figure. Use past experience to your advantage and trust your intuition, sometimes fashion comes naturally. Feel free to experiment!
This style guide is for general fashion tips and advice. Check out the current fashion trends to get the latest fashion tips and tricks for the newest styles. ? Have plenty of neutrals on hand to mix and match. ? Buy similar styles of the clothes you already own that you think flatter your figure. ? Don’t be afraid to try anything new. ? Always clean your clothing before you store it. ? Apply your perfume before dressing to prevent staining your clothing. ? If a department store doesn’t have your size, ask. Many stores are set up to call their other
stores to locate and ship the desired size directly to you. ? Don’t bare all. Leave some mystery to your look. Listening for specific information 1. According to the passage, what is the right attitude towards flaws? 2. When you stand up straight, have good posture and carry yourself with grace, what changes will
take place? 3. Can we buy similar styles of clothes? 4. According to the passage, how should we apply perfume? 5. If a department store doesn’t have your size, what should you do?

Ⅴ. Radio Program

1. under your hat 4. dressed to the nines

2. in sheep’s clothing 5. modern or fashionable

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3. get dressed up 6. with kid gloves

7. a very small budget 10. criticize others for
■ Script


8. in another person’s shoes

9. someone else’s coat tails

Ⅵ. Songs
1. miracle 2. darkness
■ Script


3. blinding

4. fears

5. weakness

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Unit Ten Celebrating Holidays
Ⅰ. Pre-listening Activities
Part 1 略 Part 2 go straight back to work.; Work out what you have to do.; Re-evaluate your priorities.
■ Script
If you are suffering from post-holiday syndrome, the following suggestions may help you. First, don’t go straight back to work. It’s difficult to go from relaxing days by the pool straight into full-on meeting mode. Researchers at the University of Granada suggest building in a period of “re-adaptation” between holiday and work. Second, work out what you have to do. No doubt you’ll have an inbox crammed full of emails and have dozens of voicemails to return. But don’t get overwhelmed by the work that’s built up in your absence. If you don’t manage it properly, you will run the risk of undoing all the relaxing effects of your holiday. Third, book your next break. Having another holiday to look forward to can ease the effects of post-holiday syndrome. Finally, re-evaluate your priorities. Some people like to veg out while on holidays but others take time to figure out what they’re doing in life and what makes them happy. If you’re one of the latter, getting back from a break may bring all these issues into focus. If you’re coming back to something you really love, you won’t have the holiday blues. However, if you have these negative feelings for a few days, then you should pay attention to them. Often they are a prompt for change in your life.
Ⅱ. Listening Tasks
Task 1 Understanding News Reports
News Item 1 1. C 2. A News Item 2 1. D 2. D News Item 3 1. B 2. A 3. D
■ Script
News Item One Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
A Palestinian teacher has won an international teaching prize, earning her $1 million dollars. Hanan Al-Hroub, a teacher from the West Bank, won the Global Teacher Prize on Sunday.
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Pope Francis announced the award in a video. He talked about the importance of education and teachers, especially for children who have seen violence. Pope Francis said teachers were “the builders of peace and unity.” At the award ceremony in Dubai, Al-Hroub told the audience that “teachers could change the world.”
Al-Hroub, who grew up in a refugee camp, is a specialist in helping children who have witnessed violence. She teaches at an elementary school in Al-Bireh, near Ramallah in the West Bank. Al-Hroub says she became interested in teaching when her children saw a shooting on their way home from school. Helping her children recover from that experience made her think about how classrooms can help other children.
Given to one teacher every year, the Global Teacher Prize is an award that recognizes a teacher who has made a contribution to the teaching profession. The teacher must use new classroom practices and encourage others to become teachers. Questions: 1. What is the news report mainly about? 2. Where is the award ceremony held?
News Item Two Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.
Americans drove more miles in 2015 than any year since the U.S. government started keeping records 45 years ago. The U.S. Department of Transportation recently reported that Americans drove a record 3.148 trillion miles last year. In case you are wondering, that is enough to take 337 round trips from Earth to Pluto.
There are a number of reasons Americans are driving more, according to experts. The first is the price of gas, which has dropped to 2004 levels in the past year. The American Automobile Association said the average price of unleaded regular gasoline is $1.71 a gallon, or 45.17 cents per liter. That is the lowest price since 2004. Another reason is that more Americans are back to work after the 2008 recession, and driving to their jobs. More Americans are also traveling longer distances to get to jobs. There are increased numbers of Americans who must travel more than 45 miles per day for their jobs. And for many, there are no, or not enough, public transit options. Questions: 1. What is the news report mainly about? 2. Which of the following is not the reason why Americans drove more miles in 2015?
News Item Three Questions 1 to 3 will be based on the following news item.
France has become the first country to ban supermarkets from throwing away unsold food. Legislators passed the law in February. The law requires supermarkets to donate unsold food to charities and food banks. If supermarkets do not obey the law, they’ll face a $4,000 fine.
The new law is part of France’s efforts to rethink consumption practices. Each year, France throws away about 7 million tons of food. That is one-fifth of the amount of food bought each year. Along with individual consumers, restaurants and stores add to the food waste.
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Other European countries are also making efforts to reduce food waste. In Denmark, a new “waste” supermarket has opened, where customers can buy surplus or leftover food for cheaper prices.
Some people welcomed the new law. Louise Saint-Germain is president of a small non-governmental organization. She said the increase in donation would allow her group to “feed more people and provide a more diversified food basket.”
But others are worried the law which would lead to more donations than they can handle. Aline Chassagnot manages a Salvation Army store. “We simply don’t have the technical and logistical ability to distribute more food to more people.” she said. Questions: 1. Which of the following statements about the law is TRUE according to the news? 2. What is Louise Saint-Germain’s attitude towards the new law? 3. What can we learn from the news report?
Task 2 Understanding Long Conversations
Conversation One 1. B 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. B Conversation Two 1. C 2. D 3. A 4. D
■ Script
Conversation One W: Hey, John, I didn’t see you in class today. Have you got a couple of minutes to spare? I need to
talk to you about something. M: Sure, Julie. What’s up? W: Just want to make sure you’ll still go to Joe’s party on Saturday night. I am relying on you to
drive me there. M: My god, Joe’s party. I forgot all about it. I’m actually planning to go to the new Jackie Chan
movie that night. W: Oh, really? That’s too bad. Looks like I won’t be going to the party. You don’t have a spare
ticket to the movie, do you? M: Hey, not so fast. Of course I’m still going. I can go to the movies next week. Where should I
pick you up tomorrow? W: How about in front of my apartment building? From the school gate drive west along Smith
Street for two blocks, then turn right when get to Morning Road. M: Got it, west along Smith Street, then right onto Morning Road. W: Yes, well, I’d better get going. We’ve got another class now. Are you coming? M: No, I’m not going to class. I’ve got to get ready for the big football match. It’s going to start in
15 minutes. So I’d better hurry. See you tomorrow in front of your place. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. Why does the woman want the man to go to the party? 2. When will Joe’s party be held? 3. When can the man go to the movies?
66

4. Where should the man pick the woman up? 5. When will the match start?
Conversation Two W: John, can you talk a little bit about the frog that you got for your Valentine’s Day gift? M: Sure, yeah, my wife gave me this Pac Man Frog for Valentine’s Day. Basically it was this
enormous, stinky frog that would only eat baby mice, so you had to feed it a little tiny cute baby mouse every week. Then it would just leave this big mess, this stinky mess, and you’d have to clean it up and at the time I had just gotten rid of an iguana, and I didn’t want any pets and that was the gift my wife gave me so! W: Oh, man, well, how long did you have it? M: I think I kept it for about six months. Maybe even a year. W: That’s a long time. M: Yeah. I see, I kept it until she moved in with me and then when she moved in with me, she said, “Wow, that thing really stinks! We should get rid of it.” So we took it back to the pet store and just gave it back to them. W: Oh, so you took it back to the pet store. They took it. M: Yeah, they took it. I looked around for someone to give it to, and everyone was like, “No, that thing is disgusting.” No one wanted it and I asked the pet store whether they would like pay for it, and they said “No, no, you bought it”. So I just said, “Here, OK, have it back” and they said “Fine, we’ll sell it again”. W: OK. Do you ever know what happened to the frog? M: No, maybe, I went back to that pet store like a year after I gave it back to them and it was still there and it was like twice the size, so I don’t know if they ever got rid of it or not. W: Great story. Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 1. Why did the man’s wife give him a Pac Man Frog? 2. What does the frog feed on according to the man? 3. What did the man do with the frog? 4. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the conversation?
Task 3 Understanding Passages
Passage One
Listening for general information 1. This passage is mainly about the traditions and customs of American New Year. 2. holding a party on New Year’s Day Listening for specific information 1. B 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. D
■ Script
Listening for general information
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One ancient New Year’s custom was to make as much noise as possible to scare evil spirits away from the new year. This tradition, along with lighting firecrackers, continues to the present day. American celebrations for the New Year begin on the night of December 31. Many people attend parties where at midnight they make noise, cheer, clap, kiss one another and sing songs.
George Washington began the custom of holding a party on New Year’s Day where everyone was welcome. This became known as having an “open house” and is still done in many places today.
Gathering with family and friends to watch parades and football games, either in person or on television, are important New Year’s Day activities for many Americans.
Making New Year’s resolutions is a modern approach to keeping evil away during the New Year. People decide to improve their lives by making promises to do good things or not to do bad things. Resolutions can be the beginning of setting goals for the new year. Of course it’s always easier to make a resolution than keep it. Keeping it is hard work. Listening for specific information 1. Why do people make noise when they celebrate the New Year? 2. Besides making noise, what custom continues to the present day? 3. Who began the custom of holding a party on New Year’s Day? 4. According to the passage, what do many Americans do to celebrate New Year’s Day? 5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
Passage Two
Listening for general information 1. This passage is mainly about Easter eggs. 2. spring Listening for specific information 1. C 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. C
■ Script
Listening for general information When the first spring flowers blossom, Easter comes. It is the oldest Christian feast,
honoring the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Along with the traditional Easter walk or outing, the giving of Easter eggs and, more
recently, of Easter presents is a main feature of the feast. Parents give their children “Easter eggs”—colored and boiled eggs, chocolate eggs, marzipan eggs—Easter bunnies, sweets, and other gifts. In some German regions, children virtually “collect” Easter eggs from their relatives, especially their godparents.
Usually, the Easter eggs are carefully hidden in the garden or in the house and the children must search for them on the morning of Easter Sunday. They are told that the Easter bunny has brought them. This mysterious bunny is like Santa Claus at Christmas. But it is less of an “educational” figure than Santa Claus is, since the eggs are not given to children as rewards for being good.
Some Easter egg games have been preserved at certain places in Germany or have even been newly developed. Children try to outdo each other in rolling colored eggs down grassy slopes, for
68

instance, or they knock the eggs’ pointed ends together and the child whose eggs do not shatter gets the broken one, too. Listening for specific information 1. What is the main feature of Easter? 2. In some German regions, whom do children get Easter eggs from? 3. What do we know about Easter bunny? 4. According to the passage, what is the difference between the Easter bunny and Santa Claus? 5. If a child wins in the egg-knocking activity, what will he get?
Passage Three
Listening for general information 1. How to celebrate Valentine’s Day when you are single. 2. Four. Listening for specific information 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. D 5. B
■ Script
Listening for general information Most singles dread Valentine’s Day. For them, that day is a reminder that they have not
found their soul mate yet, or that they are healing from a bad divorce or painful breakup. If you are among those singles, this article is for you. It gives you 4 ideas to turn this Valentine’s Day into a celebration of your life, the people you love, and yourself.
First, you should remember that on Valentine’s Day you celebrate pure love, not just romance. For this, your Valentine need not be a mate. It can be your favorite nephew, your sister, your best friend, and even your grandmother. Celebrate it.
Then, if your beloved one has passed away, spend some time thinking of him/her. Write a letter, talk to his/her photograph, buy some flowers and remember all the good moments you had together. It’s ok to miss someone so special.
Also, it helps to treat yourself as your own Valentine. I know a woman who was recovering from a painful divorce. On that Valentine’s Day, she booked a room in a nice hotel and spent the day in the spa. The choices are endless to make that day a special one.
Finally, you can have a movie party with movies about other singles. Invite a few good friends—people you enjoy being with, cook or order fine food, buy good wine or champagne and watch some personal liberation movies with powerful characters—almost all of them are single.
Love is not measured by flowers and chocolates on Valentine’s Day, but by daily actions on the other 363 days of the year. So, instead of focusing on the fact that you don’t have a mate on Valentine’s Day, it’s more important to celebrate those who show you their love the rest of the year. Listening for specific information 1. What should people celebrate on Valentine’s Day according to the speaker? 2. What can people do on Valentine’s Day if their beloved one has passed away? 3. What did the woman do in order to recover from a painful divorce on Valentine’s Day? 4. What kind of movies does the speaker advice the singles to watch?
69

5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

Ⅴ. Radio Program
1. that is centuries old 4. two percent fewer than 7. part of a bigger trend 10. to the needy
■ Script


2. held other ceremonies 5. ends with a dessert 8. a tremendous move

3. a local Indian tribe 6. to provide more white meat 9. prepare a big meal

Ⅵ. Movie
1. recollects 5. mark 9. special
■ Script


2. sweetest 6. carrots 10. miracles

3. angel 7. dangle

4. conversation 8. stars

70


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